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Wirtschaftspolitische Reformen in Japan: Kultur als Hemmschuh?


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  • Pascha, Werner
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    Das Papier geht von der Überlegung aus, dass eine nachhaltige Erholung der japanischen Wirtschaft eine entschiedene Reform der Wirtschaftspolitik voraussetzt, um verlorenes Vertrauen zurückzugewinnen. Dazu bietet sich neben einer Regelorientierung die Einrichtung unabhängiger Agenturen an. Dieser Weg könnte aber im Sinne des kognitiv-evolutionären Ansatzes der Theorie der Wirtschaftspolitik durch kulturelle Faktoren gefährdet sein. Untersucht werden der Einfluss von bestimmten Werten und Weltsichten, dabei insbesondere eine Disposition zu sog. generalisierten Austauschbeziehungen, die Chancen einer glaubhaften Selbstbindung über das Recht sowie der Einsatz von Elementen der direkten Demokratie und des Föderalismus. Insgesamt überwiegt in dem Papier eine skeptische Haltung gegenüber den Chancen einer Reform im obigen Sinne, selbst wenn sich einzelne Aspekte möglicher Lösungsansätze in der Realität bereits abzeichnen. -- The paper starts from the assumption that a lasting recovery of Japan's economy can only come about by a reform of economic policy decisive enough to re-establish confidence again. The adherence to the rule of law and the establishment of independent agencies might provide a solution, but these methods could well be jeopardised by cultural factors in the sense of the cognitive-evolutionary approach of economic policy theory. The influence of certain values and views is looked at, especially regarding a disposition towards so-called generalised exchange mechanisms, the prospects of a credible self-commitment via the rule of law as well as the employment of elements of direct democracy and federalism. By and large the paper is sceptical about the chances of a reform in accordance with the aims as set out above, even though there are in reality first signs of attempts at establishing the rule of law and agency independence.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Duisburg-Essen, Institute of East Asian Studies IN-EAST in its series Duisburger Arbeitspapiere Ostasienwissenschaften with number 44/2002.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:udedao:442002

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    Keywords: Wirtschaftspolitik; Ordnungspolitik; Reform; Vertrauen; Japan;


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    1. Tilman Slembeck, 1997. "The Formation of Economic Policy: A Cognitive-Evolutionary Approach to Policy-Making," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 225-254, August.
    2. Komiya Ryutaro, 1986. "Industrial Policy in Japan," Japanese Economy, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 14(4), pages 51-81, July.
    3. Dore, Ronald, 2000. "Stock Market Capitalism: Welfare Capitalism: Japan and Germany versus the Anglo-Saxons," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199240616, September.
    4. Adam S. Posen, 1998. "Restoring Japan's Economic Growth," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 35.
    5. Paul R. Krugman, 1998. "It's Baaack: Japan's Slump and the Return of the Liquidity Trap," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 29(2), pages 137-206.
    6. Pascha, Werner & Robaschik, Frank, 2001. "The role of Japanese local governments in stabilisation policy," Duisburger Arbeitspapiere Ostasienwissenschaften 40/2001, University of Duisburg-Essen, Institute of East Asian Studies IN-EAST.
    7. Boltho, Andrea & Corbett, Jenny, 2000. "The Assessment: Japan's Stagnation--Can Policy Revive the Economy?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(2), pages 1-17, Summer.
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