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Habit Formation and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account: Yet Another Suspect

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  • Takashi Kano

    (University of Tokyo)

Abstract

A recent paper claims that habit formation in consumption plays an important role in current account fluctuations in selected developed countries, extending the present-value model of the current account (PVM) with consumption habits. In this paper, however, I show that the habit-forming PVM is observationally equivalent to the PVM augmented with persistent transitory consumption, which is induced by world real interest rate shocks. Based on a small open-economy real business cycle (SOE-RBC) model endowed with consumption habits as well as persistent world real interest rate shocks, this paper resolves the inherent identification problem of the habit-forming PVM by Bayesian methods to seek effects of habit formation on current account fluctuations in typical small open economies, Canada and the United Kingdom. Results reveal no clear evidence that habit formation plays a crucial role in current account fluctuations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-572.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2008cf572

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kano, Takashi, 2008. "A structural VAR approach to the intertemporal model of the current account," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 757-779, September.
  2. Pablo A Guerron-Quintana & James M Nason, 2012. "Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models," CAMA Working Papers 2012-10, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  3. Takashi Kano & James M. Nason, 2012. "Business cycle implications of internal consumption habit for new Keynesian models," Working Papers 12-30, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  4. Takashi Kano, 2013. "Exchange Rates and Fundamentals:Closing a Two-country Model," UTokyo Price Project Working Paper Series 011, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Economics.
  5. Yulei Luo & Jun Nie & Eric R. Young, 2010. "Robustness, information-processing constraints, and the current account in small open economies," Research Working Paper RWP 10-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  6. Braeu, Rebecca, 2010. "Consumption tilting and the current account: Evidence from Canada," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 304-312, April.
  7. Mathias Hoffmann & Ulrich Woitek, 2011. "Emerging from the war: Gold Standard mentality, current accounts and the international business cycle 1885-1939," ECON - Working Papers 057, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.

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