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The interdependencies between food and biofuel production in European agriculture - an application of EUFASOM

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  • P. Michael Link
  • C. Ivie Ramos
  • Uwe A. Schneider

    ()

  • Erwin Schmid
  • J. Balkovic
  • R. Skalsky

    (Research unit Sustainability and Global Change)

Abstract

In the continuous quest to reduce anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide, the production and use of organically grown fuels in Europe has increased in importance in the recent past. However, the production of so-called biofuels is a direct competitor of agricultural food production for land, labor, water resources etc. with both land use options influencing each other depending on the respective boundary conditions defined by political regulations and economic considerations. In this study we will explore the economic and technical potentials of biofuels in Europe as well as the interdependencies between these two land use options for different economic incentives for biofuels using the European Forest and Agriculture Sector Optimization Model (EUFASOM). Key data on biodiesel and ethanol production have been gathered and are used for calibration of the model. The simulations extend until the year 2030, for which results are presented. Results indicate that moderate production targets of biofuels lead to an expansion of mainly the biodiesel production while more ambitious targets call for a focus on bioethanol. This has to do with the different levels of production efficiency depending on the production output. Growth of bioethanol feedstock is spread over entire Europe while the production of biodiesel feedstock occurs mainly in Central Europe.

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File URL: http://www.fnu.zmaw.de/fileadmin/fnu-files/publication/working-papers/Link_Working_Paper_FNU-165.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University in its series Working Papers with number FNU-165.

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Length: 18
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision: Jul 2008
Handle: RePEc:sgc:wpaper:165

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Keywords: biodiesel; bioethanol; Europe; EUFASOM; modeling;

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References

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  1. Frances Ruane & Richard S.J. Tol, 2007. "Refined (Successive) H-Indices: An Application To Economics In The Republic Of Ireland," Working Papers FNU-130, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Mar 2007.
  2. Andrea Bigano & Jacqueline M. Hamilton & Richard S.J. Tol, 2004. "The Impact Of Climate On Holiday Destination Choice," Working Papers FNU-55, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Oct 2004.
  3. David J. Maddison & Katrin Rehdanz, 2008. "Carbon Emissions and Economic Growth: Homogeneous Causality in Heterogeneous Panels," Working Papers FNU-163, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Jul 2008.
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  6. Erkan Erdil & I. Hakan Yetkiner, 2004. "A Panel Data Approach for Income-Health Causality," Working Papers FNU-47, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Apr 2004.
  7. Frances P. Ruane & Richard S.J. Tol, 2007. "Academic Quality, Power And Stability: An Application To Economics In The Republic Ireland," Working Papers FNU-148, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Sep 2007.
  8. David J. Maddison & Katrin Rehdanz, 2007. "Happiness Over Space And Time," Working Papers FNU-128, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Feb 2007.
  9. Gary W. Yohe & Richard S.J. Tol & Dean Murphy, 2007. "On Setting Near-term Climate Policy while the Dust Begins to Settle: The Legacy of the Stern Review," Working Papers FNU-129, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Mar 2007.
  10. Christine Schleupner, 2005. "Evaluation of coastal squeeze and beach reduction and its consequences for the Caribbean island Martinique," Working Papers FNU-72, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised May 2005.
  11. Jacqueline M. Hamilton & Richard S.J. Tol, 2004. "The Impact Of Climate Change On Tourism And Recreation," Working Papers FNU-52, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Nov 2004.
  12. David Anthoff & Robert J. Nicholls & Richard S.J. Tol, 2007. "Sea Level Rise And Equity Weighting," Working Papers FNU-136, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised May 2007.
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  14. Jennifer K. Sesabo & Richard S.J. Tol, 2005. "Factors affecting Income Strategies among households in Tanzanian Coastal Villages: Implications for Development-conservation initiatives," Working Papers FNU-70, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Jul 2005.
  15. Anthony Letsoalo & James Blignaut & Theuns de Wet & Martin de Wit & Sebastiaan Hess & Richard S.J. Tol & Jan van Heerden, 2005. "Triple Dividends Of Water Consumption Charges In South Africa," Working Papers FNU-62, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Apr 2005.
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Cited by:
  1. Dritan Osmani, . "A note on optimal transfer schemes, stable coalition for environmental protection and joint maximization assumption," Working Papers FNU-176, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University.
  2. Christine Schleupner & P. Michael Link, 2008. "Eiderstedt im Spannungsfeld zwischen Naturschutz- und Agrarpolitik - Entwicklung eines methodischen Ansatzes für ein nachhaltiges Ressourcenmanagement," Working Papers FNU-168, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Aug 2008.

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