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Factor demand linkages and the business cycle: interpreting aggregate fluctuations as sectoral fluctuations

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  • Sean Holly
  • Ivan Petrella
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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the drivers of industry and aggregate fluctuations. We model the dynamics of a panel of highly disaggregated manufacturing sectors. This allows us to consider directly the linkages between sectors typical of any production system, in a framework where the sectors are fully heterogeneous. We establish that these features are fundamental for the propagation of the shocks in the aggregate economy. Aggregate fluctuations can be accounted for by small industry specific shocks. Moreover, a contemporaneous technology shock to all sectors in the economy, i.e. an aggregate technology shock, implies a positive response in both output and hours at the aggregate level. When this intersectoral channel is neglected we find a negative correlation as with much of the literature. This suggests that the standard technology driven Real Business Cycle paradigm is a reasonable approximation of a more complicated model featuring heterogeneously interconnected sectors.

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    File URL: http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/economics/CDMA/papers/cp0809.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis in its series CDMA Conference Paper Series with number 0809.

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    Handle: RePEc:san:cdmacp:0809

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    Postal: Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews, Fife KY16 9AL
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    Web page: http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/cdma
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    Keywords: Sectors; Technology shocks; Business cycles; Long-run restrictions; Cross Sectional Dependence.;

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