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The Macroeconomic Effects of Large Exchange Rate Appreciations

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  • Marcus Kappler
  • Helmut Reisen
  • Moritz Schularick
  • Edouard Turkisch

Abstract

In this paper we study the macroeconomic effects of large exchange rate appreciations. In a sample of 128 countries since 1960, we identify 25 episodes of large nominal and real appreciations shocks and study their macroeconomic effects in a dummy-augmented panel autoregressive model. Our results show that an exchange rate appreciation can have strong effects on current account balances. Within three years after the appreciation event, the current account balance on average deteriorates by three percentage points of GDP. This effect occurs through a reduction of savings without a meaningful reduction in investment. Real export growth slows down substantially, while imports remain by and large unaffected. However, the output costs of appreciation are small and not statistically significant, indicating a shift towards domestic sources of growth. All these effects appear somewhat more pronounced in developing countries. Dans ce document de travail, nous étudions les effets macroéconomiques de larges appréciations du taux de change. Dans un échantillon de 128 pays depuis 1960, nous identifions 25 épisodes de larges appréciations nominales et réelles, et nous étudions leurs effets macroéconomiques dans un modèle autorégressif en données de panel augmenté d’une variable indicatrice. Nos résultats montrent qu’une appréciation du taux de change peut avoir des effets importants sur la balance courante. En moyenne, dans les trois ans suivant l’épisode d’appréciation, la balance courante se détériore en moyenne de trois points de PIB. Cet effet se produit via par une réduction de l’épargne, sans une réduction significative de l’investissement. La croissance réelle des exportations se ralentit sensiblement, alors que les importations restent dans l’ensemble inchangées. Toutefois, les pertes en termes de production résultant des appréciations sont faibles et non statistiquement significatifs, ce qui indique un déplacement vers des sources internes de croissance. Tous ces effets apparaissent quelque peu plus prononcés dans les pays en développement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 296.

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Date of creation: Feb 2011
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:296-en

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Keywords: current account adjustment; exchange rate changes; global imbalances; variations de taux de change; ajustement du compte courant; déséquilibres mondiaux;

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Blog mentions

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  1. The Renminbi and Poor-Country Growth
    by Shifting Wealth in ShiftingWealth on 2011-12-02 09:41:00
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Cited by:
  1. Matthieu Bussière & Claude Lopez & Cédric Tille, 2014. "Do Real Exchange Rate Appreciations Matter for Growth?," IHEID Working Papers, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies 06-2014, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  2. Allegret, Jean-Pierre & Sallenave, Audrey, 2014. "The impact of real exchange rates adjustments on global imbalances: A multilateral approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 149-163.
  3. Barry Eichengreen & Andrew K. Rose, 2012. "Flexing Your Muscles: Abandoning a Fixed Exchange Rate for Greater Flexibility," NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 8(1), pages 353 - 391.
  4. Chen Fang & Cheng-te Lee, 2014. "Coexistence of Sustained External Imbalance and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment: The Underlying Fundamentals," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(3), pages 1714-1722.
  5. Muneesh Kapur & Rakesh Mohan, 2014. "India’s Recent Macroeconomic Performance: An Assessment and Way Forward," IMF Working Papers 14/68, International Monetary Fund.
  6. Teng, Faxin & Kamenev, Dmitry & Meier, Claudia & Klein, Martin, 2011. "Trade integration, restructuring and global imbalances: A tale of two countries," IAMO Forum 2011: Will the "BRICs Decade" Continue? – Prospects for Trade and Growth 16, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).
  7. Erick Lahura & Marco Vega, 2013. "Asymmetric effects of FOREX intervention using intraday data: evidence from Peru," BIS Working Papers 430, Bank for International Settlements.
  8. Meixing Dai, 2011. "Motivations and strategies for a real revaluation of the Yuan," Working Papers of BETA 2011-23, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  9. Victor Pontines & Reza Siregar, 2012. "Episodes of Large Exchange Rate Appreciations and Reserves Accumulations in Selected Asian Economies: Is Fear of Appreciation Justified?," CAMA Working Papers 2012-31, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  10. Farid Makhlouf & Mazhar Mughal, 2013. "Remittances, Dutch Disease, And Competitiveness: A Bayesian Analysis," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 38(2), pages 67-97, June.

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