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Sovereigns, Upstream Capital Flows, and Global Imbalances

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  • Laura Alfaro
  • Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
  • Vadym Volosovych

Abstract

We construct measures of net private and public capital flows for a large cross-section of developing countries considering both creditor and debtor side of the international debt transactions. Using these measures, we demonstrate that sovereign-to-sovereign transactions account for upstream capital flows and global imbalances. Specifically, we find i) international net private capital flows (inflows minus outflows of private capital) are positively correlated with countries’ productivity growth, ii) net sovereign debt flows (government borrowing minus reserves) are negatively correlated with growth only if net public debt is financed by another sovereign, iii) net public debt financed by private creditors is positively correlated with growth, iv) public savings are strongly positively correlated with growth, whereas correlation between private savings and growth is flat and statistically insignificant. These empirical facts contradict the conventional wisdom and constitute a challenge for the existing theories on upstream capital flows and global imbalances.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17396.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Publication status: published as Alfaro, Laura, Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan, and Vadym Volosovych. "Sovereigns, Upstream Capital Flows and Global Imbalances." Journal of the European Economic Association (forthcoming). (Also NBER Working Paper 17396.)
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17396

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