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Monetary Policy in the Open Economy Revisited: Price Setting and Exchange Rate Flexibility

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  • Michael B. Devereux
  • Charles Engel

Abstract

This paper develops a welfare-based model of monetary policy in an open economy. We focus on the extent to which monetary policy should be employed in maintaining the exchange rate. The traditional approach maintains that exchange rate flexibility is desirable in the presence of real country-specific shocks that require adjustment in relative prices. However, in the light of empirical evidence on nominal price response to exchange-rate changes specifically, that there appears to be a large degree of local-currency pricing in industrialized countries the expenditure-switching role played by nominal exchange rates may be exaggerated in the traditional literature. In the presence of local-currency, we find that optimal monetary policy in response to real shocks pricing is fully consistent with fixed exchange rates. On the other hand, when real country-specific shocks are not important, and when a country's monetary sector is stable, the case for freely floating rates (a monetary policy in which exchange rates are not a consideration) is strengthened in the presence of local-currency pricing.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 7665.

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Date of creation: Apr 2000
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Publication status: published as Devereux, Michael B. and Charles Engel. "Monetary Policy In The Open Economy Revisited: Price Setting And Exchange-Rate Flexibility," Review of Economic Studies, 2003, v70(4,Oct), 765-783.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7665

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  1. Engel, Charles, 1993. "Real exchange rates and relative prices : An empirical investigation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 35-50, August.
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  9. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel & C√ądric Tille, 2003. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through and the Welfare Effects of the Euro," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 44(1), pages 223-242, February.
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  12. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 2000. "Exchange rate dynamics in a model of pricing-to-market," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 215-244, February.
  13. Cedric Tille, 2000. ""Beggar-thy-neighbor" or "beggar-thyself"? the income effect of exchange rate fluctuations," Staff Reports, Federal Reserve Bank of New York 112, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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  19. Svensson, Lars E.O., 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," Seminar Papers, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies 638, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  20. Bennett T. McCallum & Edward Nelson, 2000. "Nominal Income Targeting in an Open-Economy Optimizing Model," NBER Working Papers 6675, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  21. Giancarlo Corsetti & Paolo Pesenti, 1997. "Welfare and Macroeconomic Interdependence," NBER Working Papers 6307, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  23. Mussa, Michael, 1986. "Nominal exchange rate regimes and the behavior of real exchange rates: Evidence and implications," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 117-214, January.
  24. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel, 1998. "Fixed vs. Floating Exchange Rates: How Price Setting Affects the Optimal Choice of Exchange-Rate Regime," NBER Working Papers 6867, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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