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Intergenerational Effects of Trade Liberalization

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  • Erhan Artuç

    ()
    (Koc University)

Abstract

2002 Pew Global Attitudes survey shows that workers’ support for free trade decreases with age. The relation between age and supporting free trade is a phenomenon previously unexplored by economists. We study distributional effects of trade liberalization, in particular age and gains from free trade, using a dynamic structural general equilibrium model. The method we use here is complimentary to Artuc, Chaudhuri and McLaren (forthcoming), and can handle a much richer treatment of ex-ante, endogenous and unobserved worker heterogeneity. This more efficient method allows us to calculate distributional effects of trade liberalization in detail but it requires a completely different estimation strategy, which comes at a cost of more computation time and stronger assumptions on workers’ expectations. After estimating the structural model with U.S. data sets NLSY and CPS, we simulate a hypothetical trade liberalization in metal manufacturing sector (which has been especially vulnerable to trade shocks in the past, the steel industry in particular). We show gradual adjustment of labor allocation, wages and prices in response to this trade shock. We find a “mirror effect”where very young workers in the metal sector are moderately worse off and older workers are extremely worse off, while young workers in manufacturing sector are moderately better off and older workers are extremely better off.

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File URL: http://eaf.ku.edu.tr/sites/eaf.ku.edu.tr/files/erf_wp_0913.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum in its series Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers with number 0913.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:0913

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Keywords: Trade Liberalization; Sectoral Mobility; Labor Market Equilibrium;

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Workersâ?? support for free trade decreases with age
    by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-01-29 10:47:21
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Cited by:
  1. Andrei A. Levchenko & Jing Zhang, . "The Global Labor Market Impact of Emerging Giants: a Quantitative Assessment," Working Papers 637, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  2. Willmann, Gerald & Blanchard, Emily J., 2007. "Political Stasis or Protectionist Rut? Policy Mechanisms for Trade Reform in a Democracy," Economics Working Papers 2007,21, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  3. Ann Harrison & John McLaren & Margaret S. McMillan, 2010. "Recent Findings on Trade and Inequality," NBER Working Papers 16425, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Porto, Guido, 2012. "The cost of adjustment to green growth policies : lessons from trade adjustment costs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6237, The World Bank.
  5. Ritter, Moritz, 2009. "Offshoring and Occupational Specificity of Human Capital," MPRA Paper 19671, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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