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Trade and Inequality in a Directed Search Model with Firm and Worker Heterogeneity

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  • Moritz Ritter

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Temple University)

Abstract

This paper integrates the insight that exporting firms are typically more productive and employ higher skilled workers into a directed search model of the labor market. The model generates a skill premium as well as residual wage inequality among identical workers. A trade liberalization will cause a reallocation of workers both within and across industries. The within industry reallocation increases the skill premium, increases residual inequality for low-skilled workers, and decreases residual inequality for high-skilled workers. The across industry reallocation induces the well-known Stolper-Samuleson effect. The calibrated model generates results consistent with the prior literature examining the effect of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement on the Canadian labor market: a signiï¬cant decrease in employment in manufacturing, but only a small change in wages.

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File URL: http://www.cla.temple.edu/RePEc/documents/detu_2012_02.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Temple University in its series DETU Working Papers with number 1202.

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Date of creation: Jul 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tem:wpaper:1202

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Postal: Ritter Annex 877, Philadelphia, PA 19122
Phone: 215.204.8880
Fax: 215.204.8173
Web page: http://www.cla.temple.edu/economics/
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Related research

Keywords: Directed Search; Inequality; International Trade;

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References

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  1. Shouyong Shi, 1998. "Frictional Assignment," Working Papers 988, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  2. Jonathan Vogel & Arnaud Costinot, 2008. "Matching and Inequality in the World Economy," 2008 Meeting Papers 879, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Davidson, Carl & Matusz, Steven J. & Shevchenko, Andrei, 2008. "Globalization and firm level adjustment with imperfect labor markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 295-309, July.
  4. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel S & Kramarz, Francis, 2009. "An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 7111, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Donald R. Davis & James Harrigan, 2007. "Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, and Trade Liberalization," NBER Working Papers 13139, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Edward J. Balistreri & Russell H. Hillberry & Thomas F. Rutherford, 2008. "Structural Estimation and Solution of International Trade Models with Heterogeneous Firms," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 08/89, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  7. Shouyong Shi, 2002. "A Directed Search Model of Inequality with Heterogeneous Skills and Skill-Biased Technology," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(2), pages 467-491.
  8. John Baldwin & Wulong Gu, 2003. "Export-market participation and productivity performance in Canadian manufacturing," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 36(3), pages 634-657, August.
  9. Helpman, Elhanan & Itskhoki, Oleg & Redding, Stephen J., 2009. "Inequality and Unemployment in a Global Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 7353, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. James Townsend, 2007. "Do tariff reductions affect the wages of workers in protected industries? Evidence from the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 40(1), pages 69-92, February.
  11. Noel Gaston & Daniel Trefler, 1997. "The Labour Market Consequences of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 18-41, February.
  12. Erhan Artu� & Shubham Chaudhuri & John McLaren, 2010. "Trade Shocks and Labor Adjustment: A Structural Empirical Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(3), pages 1008-45, June.
  13. Zhu, Susan Chun & Trefler, Daniel, 2005. "Trade and inequality in developing countries: a general equilibrium analysis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 21-48, January.
  14. Jonathan Vogel & Ariel Burstein, 2012. "International trade, technology, and the skill premium," 2012 Meeting Papers 664, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  15. Eugene Beaulieu, 2000. "The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement and labour market adjustment in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 540-563, May.
  16. Davidson, Carl & Matusz, Steven J. & Shevchenko, Andrei, 2008. "Outsourcing Peter To Pay Paul: High-Skill Expectations And Low-Skill Wages With Imperfect Labor Markets," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 463-479, September.
  17. Ian King & Frank Stahler, 2010. "A Simple Theory of Trade and Unemployment in General Equilibrium," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 1116, The University of Melbourne.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Erhan Artuç, 2009. "Intergenerational Effects of Trade Liberalization," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 0913, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
  2. Koch, Michael & Egger, Hartmut, 2013. "Trade and the Firm-Internal Allocation of Workers to Tasks," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79841, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  3. Erhan Artuç & John McLaren, 2012. "Trade Policy and Wage Inequality: A Structural Analysis with Occupational and Sectoral Mobility," NBER Working Papers 18503, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Impullitti, Giammario & Prat, Julien, 2014. "Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 9855, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Moritz Ritter, 2012. "Inequality and International Trade: The Role of Skill-Biased Technology and Search Frictions," DETU Working Papers 1204, Department of Economics, Temple University.
  6. Artuc, Erhan, 2012. "Workers'age and the impact of trade shocks," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6035, The World Bank.

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