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A Simple Theory of Trade and Unemployment in General Equilibrium

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Author Info

  • Ian King
  • Frank Stahler

Abstract

We develop an open economy general equilibrium model, with auction-based directed search unemployment, to study the interactions of trade and unemployment. The theory ascribes all outcomes purely to the fundamentals of technology and endowment. If countries differ by endowment, trade makes both the unemployment rate and the rental in the capital-(labor-) abundant country rise (decline), but does not lead to equalization. Furthermore, the expected wage is higher in the capital-abundant country. If countries differ by technology, trade increases (decreases) the unemployment rate in the country whose technology is relatively superior (inferior) for producing the capital-intensive good.

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File URL: http://fbe.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/801079/1116.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The University of Melbourne in its series Department of Economics - Working Papers Series with number 1116.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mlb:wpaper:1116

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Postal: Department of Economics, The University of Melbourne, 4th Floor, FBE Building, Level 4, 111 Barry Street. Victoria, 3010, Australia
Phone: +61 3 8344 5355
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Web page: http://www.economics.unimelb.edu.au
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Related research

Keywords: Unemployment; international trade; general equilibrium;

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Cited by:
  1. Koch, Michael & Egger, Hartmut, 2013. "Trade and the Firm-Internal Allocation of Workers to Tasks," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79841, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  2. Moritz Ritter, 2012. "Trade and Inequality in a Directed Search Model with Firm and Worker Heterogeneity," DETU Working Papers 1202, Department of Economics, Temple University.
  3. Moritz Ritter, 2012. "Inequality and International Trade: The Role of Skill-Biased Technology and Search Frictions," DETU Working Papers 1204, Department of Economics, Temple University.

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