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Wage Effects of Trade Reform with Endogenous Worker Mobility

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  • Krishna, Pravin
  • Poole, Jennifer P.
  • Senses, Mine Zeynep

Abstract

In this paper, we use a linked employer–employee database from Brazil to evaluate the wage effects of trade reform. With an aggregate (firm-level) analysis of this question, we find that a decline in trade protection is associated with an increase in average wages in exporting firms relative to domestic firms, consistent with earlier studies. However, using disaggregated, employer–employee level data, and allowing for the endogenous assignment of workers to firms due to match-specific productivity, we find that the premium paid to workers at exporting firms is economically and statistically insignificant, as is the differential impact of trade openness on the wages of workers at exporting firms relative to otherwise identical workers at domestic firms. We also find that workforce composition improves systematically in exporting firms, in terms of the combination of worker ability and the quality of worker–firm matches, post-liberalization. These results stand in stark contrast to the findings reported in many earlier studies and underscore the importance of endogenous matching and, more generally, non-random labor market allocation mechanisms, in determining the effects of trade policy changes on wages.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 93 (2014)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 239-252

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Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:93:y:2014:i:2:p:239-252

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505552

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Keywords: Trade liberalization; Linked employer–employee data; Endogenous mobility;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Macis, Mario & Schivardi, Fabiano, 2012. "Exports and Wages: Rent Sharing, Workforce Composition or Returns to Skills?," CEPR Discussion Papers 8931, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Hauptmann, Andreas & Schmerer, Hans-Jörg, 2012. "International trade and collective bargaining outcomes : evidence from German employer-employee data," IAB Discussion Paper 201207, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  3. Baumgarten, Daniel, 2013. "Exporters and the rise in wage inequality: Evidence from German linked employer–employee data," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 201-217.
  4. L. Alan Winters, 2014. "Globalization, Infrastructure, and Inclusive Growth," Trade Working Papers 23974, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  5. Sethupathy, Guru, 2013. "Offshoring, wages, and employment: Theory and evidence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 73-97.
  6. Frías, Judith A & Kaplan, David & Verhoogen, Eric A, 2012. "Exports and Within-Plant Wage Distributions: Evidence from Mexico," CEPR Discussion Papers 8835, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Pravin Krishna & Jennifer P. Poole & Mine Zeynep Senses, 2012. "Trade, Labor Market Frictions, and Residual Wage Inequality across Worker Groups," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 417-23, May.
  8. Ashournia, Damoun & Munch, Jakob R. & Nguyen, Daniel, 2014. "The Impact of Chinese Import Penetration on Danish Firms and Workers," IZA Discussion Papers 8166, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Ina Charlotte Jäkel, 2013. "Import-push or Export-pull? An Industry-level Analysis of the Impact of Trade on Firm Exit," Economics Working Papers 2013-20, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  10. Wolfgang Lechthaler & Mariya Mileva, 2013. "Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality: New Insights from a Dynamic Trade Model with Heterogeneous Firms and Comparative Advantage," Kiel Working Papers 1886, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  11. Klein, Michael W. & Moser, Christoph & Urban, Dieter M., 2013. "Exporting, skills and wage inequality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 76-85.
  12. Laura Hering, 2014. "Does Access to Foreign Markets shape Internal Migration? Evidence from Brazil," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-084/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
  13. Almeida, Rita K. & Poole, Jennifer Pamela, 2013. "Trade and Labor Reallocation with Heterogeneous Enforcement of Labor Regulations," IZA Discussion Papers 7358, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. Cassey Lee, . "Globalization and Wage Inequality: Firm-Level Evidence from Malaysia," Chapters, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
  15. Paz, Lourenço S., 2014. "The impacts of trade liberalization on informal labor markets: A theoretical and empirical evaluation of the Brazilian case," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 330-348.

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