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Offshoring and Occupational Specificity of Human Capital

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  • Moritz Ritter

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Temple University)

Abstract

I document that workers in newly tradable service occupations possess more occupation-specific human capital and are more highly educated than workers in previously tradable occupations. Motivated by this observation, I develop a dynamic equilibrium model with labor market frictions and specific human capital to study the labor adjustment process after a trade shock. When calibrated to match the increase in U.S. trade between 1990 and 2010, the model suggests that (1) output increases immediately after a trade shock and converges quickly to the steady state; (2) labor market institutions play a larger role in the adjustment process than specific human capital; (3) the short run distributional effects are small if the labor market is flexible, even in the presence of specific human capital.

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File URL: http://www.cla.temple.edu/RePEc/documents/DETU_12_07.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Temple University in its series DETU Working Papers with number 1207.

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Date of creation: Dec 2012
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Handle: RePEc:tem:wpaper:1207

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Postal: Ritter Annex 877, Philadelphia, PA 19122
Phone: 215.204.8880
Fax: 215.204.8173
Web page: http://www.cla.temple.edu/economics/
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Keywords: Offshoring; Sectoral Labor Reallocation; Human Capital;

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Cited by:
  1. Kondo, Illenin O., 2013. "Trade Reforms, Foreign Competition, and Labor Market Adjustments in the U.S," International Finance Discussion Papers 1095, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Erhan Artuç & Germán Bet & Irene Brambilla & Guido Porto, 2013. "Trade Shocks and Factor Adjustment Frictions: Implications for Investment and Labor," Department of Economics, Working Papers 101, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

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