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Cities, Tasks and Skills

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  • Kok, Suzanne

    ()
    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

  • ter Weel, Bas

    ()
    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

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    Abstract

    This research applies a task-based approach to measure and interpret changes in the employment structure of the 168 largest US cities in the period 1990-2009. As a result of technological change some tasks can be placed at distance, while others require proximity. We construct a measure of task connectivity to investigate which tasks are more likely to require proximity relative to others. Our results suggest that cities with higher shares of connected tasks experienced higher employment growth. This result is robust to a variety of other explanations including industry composition, routinisation, and the complementarity between skills and cities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8053.

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    Length: 50 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2014
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: forthcoming in: Journal of Regional Science, 2015
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8053

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    Keywords: occupations; tasks; cities; employment;

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