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Who Benefits from Benefits? Empirical Research on Tangible Incentives

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  • Hammermann, Andrea

    ()
    (RWTH Aachen University)

  • Mohnen, Alwine

    ()
    (Munich University of Technology)

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    Abstract

    Although a broad field of literature on incentive theory exists, employer-provided tangible goods (hereafter called benefits) have so far been neglected by economic research. A remarkable exception is an empirical study by Oyer (2008). In our study, we test some of his findings by drawing on a German data set. We use two waves of the GSOEP data (2006, 2008) to analyze the occurrence of benefits and their effects on employees' satisfaction. Our results provide evidence for economic as well as psychological explanations. Looking at differences in firms' and employees' characteristics we find that cost efficiency concerns, the purpose to signal good working conditions and the aim to ease employees' effort costs are evident reasons to provide benefits. Furthermore, analyzing the impact of tangible and monetary incentives on satisfaction and employees' feeling of being acknowledged by employers, we find different motivational effects. Our results support the psychological explanation that benefits are evaluated separately from other monetary wage components and are more likely to express employers' concern for their employees and recognition of their performance.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6284.

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    Length: 36 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2012
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: Journal of Economic Psychology, 2014, 43 (1), 1-15.
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6284

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    Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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    Keywords: benefits; nonmonetary incentives; work motivation;

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    1. Christian Grund & Dirk Sliwka, 2007. "Reference-Dependent Preferences and the Impact of Wage Increases on Job Satisfaction: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 163(2), pages 313-335, June.
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