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Ethnicity, Job Search and Labor Market Reintegration of the Unemployed

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Author Info

  • Constant, Amelie F.

    ()
    (George Washington University, Temple University)

  • Kahanec, Martin

    ()
    (Central European University)

  • Rinne, Ulf

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA and University of Bonn)

Abstract

This paper is based on recently collected and rich survey data of a representative sample of entrants into unemployment in Germany. Our data include a large number of migration variables, allowing us to adapt a recently developed concept of ethnic identity: the ethnosizer. To shed further light on the native-migrant differences in economic outcomes, we investigate the labor market reintegration, patterns of job search, and reservation wages across unemployed migrants and natives in Germany. Our results indicate that separated migrants have a relatively slow reintegration into the labor market. We explain this finding by arguing that this group exerts a relatively low search effort and that it has reservation wages which are moderate, yet still above the level which would imply similar employment probabilities as other groups of migrants.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4660.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: International Journal of Manpower, 2011, 32 (7), 753-776 [final version] [journal version]
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4660

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Keywords: reservation wages; job search; migration; ethnicity; ethnosizer; ethnic identity; unemployment;

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References

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  1. Amelie Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2009. "Work and Money: Payoffs by Ethnic Identity and Gender," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 908, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Constant, Amelie & Krause, Annabelle & Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2011. "Economic Preferences and Attitudes of the Unemployed: Are Natives and Second Generation Migrants Alike?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8207, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Bonin, Holger & Dohmen, Thomas & Falk, Armin & Huffman, David & Sunde, Uwe, 2007. "Cross-sectional earnings risk and occupational sorting: The role of risk attitudes," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 926-937, December.
  4. Borghans Lex & Lee Duckworth Angela & Heckman James J. & Weel Bas ter, 2008. "The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits," ROA Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) 001, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  5. Amelie Constant & Annabelle Krause & Ulf Rinne & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2010. "Reservation Wages of First and Second Generation Migrants," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1089, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Marco Caliendo & Armin Falk & Lutz C. Kaiser & Hilmar Schneider & Arne Uhlendorff & Gerard van den Berg & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2011. "The IZA Evaluation Dataset: towards evidence-based labor policy making," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(7), pages 731-752, November.
  7. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2004. "European Labour Mobility: Challenges and Potentials," IZA Discussion Papers 1410, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Arne Uhlendorff & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2006. "Unemployment Dynamics among Migrants and Natives," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 617, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  9. Nekby, Lena & Rödin, Magnus, 2007. "Acculturation Identity and Labor Market Outcomes," Research Papers in Economics, Stockholm University, Department of Economics 2007:7, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  10. Constant, Amelie & Gataullina, Liliya & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2006. "Ethnosizing Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5636, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Amelie Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "Measuring Ethnic Identity and Its Impact on Economic Behavior," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 47, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  12. Amelie F. Constant & Rowan Roberts & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2009. "Ethnic Identity and Immigrant Homeownership," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 46(9), pages 1879-1898, August.
  13. Beatrix Brügger & Rafael Lalive & Josef Zweimüller, 2009. "Does Culture Affect Unemployment? Evidence from the Röstigraben," NRN working papers, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2009-10, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  14. James J. Heckman & Jora Stixrud & Sergio Urzua, 2006. "The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(3), pages 411-482, July.
  15. Nekby, Lena & Rödin, Magnus, 2010. "Acculturation identity and employment among second and middle generation immigrants," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 35-50, February.
  16. Thomas Liebig, 2007. "The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Germany," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, OECD Publishing 47, OECD Publishing.
  17. Marco Caliendo & Ricarda Schmidl & Arne Uhlendorff, 2010. "Social Networks, Job Search Methods and Reservation Wages: Evidence for Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1055, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  18. Constant, Amelie F. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Migration, Ethnicity and Economic Integration," IZA Discussion Papers 4620, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  19. Harminder Battu & Yves Zenou, 2009. "Oppositional Identities and Employment for Ethnic Minorities. Evidence from England," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0924, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  20. Klaus Zimmermann, 2007. "The economics of migrant ethnicity," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 487-494, July.
  21. Muhleisen, Martin & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 1994. "A panel analysis of job changes and unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 793-801, April.
  22. Lancaster, Tony & Chesher, Andrew, 1983. "An Econometric Analysis of Reservation Wages," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 51(6), pages 1661-76, November.
  23. George A. Akerlof & Rachel E. Kranton, 2002. "Identity and Schooling: Some Lessons for the Economics of Education," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 40(4), pages 1167-1201, December.
  24. Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "Migrant Ethnic Identity: Concept And Policy Implications," Ekonomia, Cyprus Economic Society and University of Cyprus, Cyprus Economic Society and University of Cyprus, vol. 10(1), pages 1-17, Summer.
  25. Blau, David M & Robins, Philip K, 1990. "Job Search Outcomes for the Employed and Unemployed," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(3), pages 637-55, June.
  26. Holzer, Harry J, 1988. "Search Method Use by Unemployed Youth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(1), pages 1-20, January.
  27. Darity, William Jr. & Mason, Patrick L. & Stewart, James B., 2006. "The economics of identity: The origin and persistence of racial identity norms," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 283-305, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Amelie F. Constant & Annabelle Krause & Ulf Rinne & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2011. "Economic preferences and attitudes of the unemployed: Are natives and second generation migrants alike?," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(7), pages 825-851, November.
  2. Ulf Rinne & Simone Schüller & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2010. "Ethnische Vielfalt und Arbeitsmarkterfolg," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1092, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Caliendo, Marco & Uhlendorff, Arne, 2010. "Determinanten des Suchverhaltens von Arbeitslosen: Ausgewählte Erkenntnisse basierend auf dem IZA Evaluationsdatensatz," IZA Discussion Papers 5379, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Marco Caliendo & Armin Falk & Lutz C. Kaiser & Hilmar Schneider & Arne Uhlendorff & Gerard van den Berg & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2011. "The IZA Evaluation Dataset: towards evidence-based labor policy making," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(7), pages 731-752, November.
  5. Arni, Patrick & Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2014. "The IZA Evaluation Dataset Survey: A Scientific Use File," IZA Discussion Papers 7971, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Koller, Lena, 2011. "Lohnmobilität alleinstehender SGB-II-Leistungsempfänger," IAB Discussion Paper, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 201105, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  7. Andersen, Torben M., 2012. "Migration, Redistribution and the Universal Welfare Model," IZA Discussion Papers 6665, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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