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Determinanten des Suchverhaltens von Arbeitslosen: Ausgewählte Erkenntnisse basierend auf dem IZA Evaluationsdatensatz

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  • Caliendo, Marco

    ()
    (University of Potsdam)

  • Uhlendorff, Arne

    ()
    (University of Mannheim)

Abstract

The transition process from unemployment to employment is determined by the reservation wage and the search effort of the unemployed worker. The optimal search strategy depends on labour market institutions like the generosity of unemployment benefits and "classical" characteristics like age and education as well as often not observed determinants like personality traits and subjective expectations. The IZA Evaluation dataset allows us to analyse the impact of these factors on the search behaviour and the transition process into employment. The data-set consists of a large inflow sample into unemployment based on administrative information and a unique survey of individuals who became unemployed between mid 2007 and mid 2008. This data-set allows us to observe individual job search intensity, reservation wages and job offers at different points in time as well as realised transitions into employment. Personality traits, ethnicity and social networks are part of the rich information. Our results indicate that differences in the potential duration of unemployment benefit receipt as well as differences in personality traits and in subjective expectations about participation probabilities in active labour market policy programs lead to a heterogeneity in the search behaviour and in the transition probabilities into employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5379.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung / Journal for Labour Market Research, 2011, 44 (1-2), 119-125
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5379

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Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 3894 223
Fax: +49 228 3894 180
Web page: http://www.iza.org

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Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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Related research

Keywords: Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer; Arbeitslosengeld; Persönlichkeitseigenschaften; Evaluation; Subjektive Erwartungen;

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References

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  1. Constant, Amelie F. & Kahanec, Martin & Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Ethnicity, Job Search and Labor Market Reintegration of the Unemployed," IZA Discussion Papers 4660, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Arne Uhlendorff, 2003. "Der Einfluss von Persönlichkeitseigenschaften und sozialen Ressourcen auf die Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 338, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Katz, Lawrence F. & Meyer, Bruce D., 1990. "The impact of the potential duration of unemployment benefits on the duration of unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 45-72, February.
  4. Dale T. Mortensen, 1977. "Unemployment insurance and job search decisions," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(4), pages 505-517, July.
  5. Jennifer Hunt, 1992. "The Effect of Unemployment Compensation on Unemployment Duration in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 50, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Lalive, Rafael & van Ours, Jan C & Zweimüller, Josef, 2005. "How Changes in Financial Incentives Affect the Duration of Unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4986, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. van den Berg, Gerard J. & Bergemann, Annette & Caliendo, Marco, 2008. "The effect of active labor market programs on not-yet treated unemployed individuals," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2008:26, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  8. Marco Caliendo & Armin Falk & Lutz C. Kaiser & Hilmar Schneider & Arne Uhlendorff & Gerard van den Berg & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2011. "The IZA Evaluation Dataset: towards evidence-based labor policy making," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(7), pages 731-752, November.
  9. Bergemann, Annette & Caliendo, Marco & van den Berg, Gerard J & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2011. "The Threat Effect of Participation in Active Labor Market Programs on Job Search Behavior of Migrants in Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8295, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Marco Caliendo & Ricarda Schmidl & Arne Uhlendorff, 2011. "Social networks, job search methods and reservation wages: evidence for Germany," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(7), pages 796-824, November.
  11. van den Berg, Gerard J, 1990. "Nonstationarity in Job Search Theory," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 255-77, April.
  12. Meyer, Bruce D, 1990. "Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 757-82, July.
  13. Ham, John C & LaLonde, Robert J, 1996. "The Effect of Sample Selection and Initial Conditions in Duration Models: Evidence from Experimental Data on Training," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 64(1), pages 175-205, January.
  14. van Ours, Jan C. & Vodopivec, Milan, 2008. "Does reducing unemployment insurance generosity reduce job match quality?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 92(3-4), pages 684-695, April.
  15. Heineck, Guido & Anger, Silke, 2010. "The Returns to Cognitive Abilities and Personality Traits in Germany," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 535-546.
  16. James J. Heckman & Jora Stixrud & Sergio Urzua, 2006. "The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," NBER Working Papers 12006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Marco Caliendo & Deborah Cobb-Clark & Arne Uhlendorff, 2010. "Locus of Control and Job Search Strategies," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 979, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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