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Employment and Exchange Rates: The Role of Openness and Technology

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  • Alexandre, Fernando

    ()
    (University of Minho)

  • Bação, Pedro

    ()
    (University of Coimbra)

  • Cerejeira, João

    ()
    (University of Minho)

  • Portela, Miguel

    ()
    (University of Minho)

Abstract

Real exchange rate movements are important drivers of the reallocation of resources between sectors of the economy. Economic theory suggests that the impact of exchange rates should vary with the degree of exposure to international competition and with the technology level. This paper contributes by bringing together these two views, both theoretically and empirically. We show that both the degree of openness and the technology level mediate the impact of exchange rate movements on labour market developments. According to our estimations, whereas employment in high-technology sectors seems to be relatively immune to changes in real exchange rates, these appear to have sizable and significant effects on highly open low-technology sectors. The analysis of job flows suggests that the impact of exchange rates on these sectors occurs through employment destruction.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4191.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: May 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Open Economies Review 2011, ,22 (5), 969 - 984
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4191

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Keywords: international trade; exchange rates; job flows;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fernando Alexandre & Pedro Bação & João Cerejeira & Miguel Portela, 2009. "Employment and Exchange rates: the Role of Openness and Technology," GEE Papers 0015, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia e da Inovação, revised May 2009.
  2. Ligia Alba melo B. & Carlos Adrés Ballesteros R, 2012. "Creación, destrucción y reasignación del empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano," Borradores de Economia 699, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Nicolas Berman & Philippe Martin & Thierry Mayer, 2009. "How do Different Exporters React to Exchange Rate Changes? Theory, Empirics and Aggregate Implications," Working Papers 2009-32, CEPII research center.
  4. Pedro Bação & António Portugal Duarte, 2011. "Accession to the European Union, Interest Rates and Indebtedness: Greece and Portugal," Book Chapters, Institute of Economic Sciences.
  5. Julian P. Christ & Patricia Hofmann, 2010. "International Openness and Patent Activity: First Descriptive Results Very preliminary draft," DEGIT Conference Papers c015_055, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  6. Alexandre, Fernando & Bação, Pedro & Cerejeira, João & Portela, Miguel, 2010. "Employment, Exchange Rates and Labour Market Rigidity," IZA Discussion Papers 4891, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Fernando Alexandre & Pedro Bação & João Cerejeira & Miguel Portela, 2010. "Manufacturing employment and exchange rates in the Portuguese economy: the role of openness, technology and labour market rigidity," GEMF Working Papers 2010-23, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.

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