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International Competitiveness, Job Creation and Job Destruction - An Establishment Level Study of German Job Flows

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  • Moser, Christoph
  • Urban, Dieter M
  • Weder di Mauro, Beatrice

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of international competitiveness on net employment, job creation, job destruction, and gross job flows for a representative sample of German establishments from 1993 to 2005. We find a statistically significant but economically small effect of real exchange rate shocks on employment, comparable to the one found in studies for the United States. However, contrary to the United States, the employment adjustment (among surviving firms) operates mainly through the job creation rather than the job destruction rate. Job destruction occurs essentially through discrete events such as restructuring, outsourcing and bankruptcy. We suggest that these findings are consistent with a highly regulated labour market, in which smooth adjustment is costly and possibly delayed.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6745.

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Date of creation: Mar 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6745

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Keywords: attrition estimator; gross worker flows; international competitiveness; inverse probability weighted GMM; real exchange rate;

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Cited by:
  1. Mai Dao & Ruo Chen, 2011. "The Real Exchange Rate and Employment in China," IMF Working Papers 11/148, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Ligia Alba Melo & Carlos Andrés Ballesteros, 2013. "Creación, destrucción y reasignación del empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 281-311, January-J.
  3. Klein, Michael W. & Moser, Christoph & Urban, Dieter M., 2013. "Exporting, skills and wage inequality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 76-85.
  4. Italo Colantone, 2012. "Trade openness, real exchange rates and job reallocation: evidence from Belgium," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 148(4), pages 669-706, December.

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