Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to assess the degree of employment discrimination against young people in the Ile-de-France region according to their place of residence by considering several spatial scales in order to measure the effect of the reputation of the administrative department or county (specifically Paris and Seine-Saint-Denis), the town or municipality, and of the local neighborhood. The evaluation is carried out using experimental testing-type data that we developed following a protocol that allows us to examine the specific effects associated with each of these three spatial scales on access to employment, as well as their combined effects. We are interested in discrimination regarding two specific occupations within the restaurant/catering industry, namely waiters and cooks, and we consider the impact of two levels of qualification. For each of these profiles, we constructed six fictional candidacies consisting of young men who were similar with the exception of the testing feature which differentiates them, namely their place of residence. Between October 2011 and February 2012, we studied 2,988 candidacies that were submitted in response to 498 job offers posted in the Ile-de-France region. This study consists of a statistical and econometric analysis of the responses that we obtained to these applications.
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Date of creation: Sep 2013
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access to employment ; discrimination ; testing ; neighbourhood effects ; experiments;
Other versions of this item:
- Mathieu Bunel & Emilia Ene & Yannick L’horty & Pascale Petit, 2013. "Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201337, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
- Mathieu Bunel & Emilia Ene & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2013. "Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment," TEPP Working Paper 2013-04, TEPP.
- C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
- C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
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