A Simple Model of The Juggernaut Effect of Trade Liberalisation
AbstractThis paper posits a formal political economy model where the principle of reciprocity in multilateral trade talks results in the gradual elimination of tariffs. Reciprocity trade talks turn each nation’s exporters into anti-protectionists at home; they lower foreign tariffs by convincing their own government to lower home tariffs. Due to the new array of political forces, each government finds it politically optimal to remove tariffs that it previously found politically optimal to impose. The one-off global tariff cut then reshapes the political economy landscape via entry and exit – reducing the size/influence of import-competing sectors and increasing that of exporters. In the next round of trade talks governments therefore find it politically optimal to cut tariffs again. The process may continue until tariffs are eliminated.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6607.
Date of creation: Dec 2007
Date of revision:
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Other versions of this item:
- Richard E. Baldwin & Frédéric Robert-Nicoud, 2008. "A Simple Model of the Juggernaut Effect of Trade Liberalisation," CEP Discussion Papers dp0845, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Richard E. Baldwin & Frédéric Robert-Nicoud, 2008. "A simple model of the juggernaut effect of trade liberalisation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19645, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-12-19 (All new papers)
- NEP-INT-2007-12-19 (International Trade)
- NEP-POL-2007-12-19 (Positive Political Economics)
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