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The Intergenerational Inequality of Health in China

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  • Tor Eriksson

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Business, Aarhus University)

  • Jay Pan

    (West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University)

  • Xuezheng Qin

    (School of Economics, Peking University)

Abstract

This paper estimates the intergenerational health transmission in China using the 1991-2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) data. Three decades of persistent economic growth in China has been accompanied by high income inequality, which may in turn be caused by the inequality of opportunity in education and health. In this paper, we find that there is a strong correlation of health status between parent and their offspring in both the urban and rural sectors, suggesting the existence of intergenerational health inequality in China. The correlation is persistent with different health measures and various model specifications, and is robust when unobserved household heterogeneity is removed. We also find that the parents’ (especially the mothers’) socio-economic characteristics and environmental / health care choices are strongly correlated with their own and their children’s health, supporting the “nature-nurture interaction” hypothesis. The Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition further indicates that 15% to 27% of the rural-urban inequality of child health is attributable to the endowed inequality from their parents’ health. An important policy implication of our study is that the increasing inequality of income and opportunity in China can be ameliorated through the improvement of the current generation’s health status and living standards.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus in its series Economics Working Papers with number 2013-21.

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Length: 41
Date of creation: 30 Sep 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:aah:aarhec:2013-21

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Web page: http://www.econ.au.dk/afn/

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Keywords: Intergenerational transmission; Health; Inequality; China;

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