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An Analysis of the Real Interest Rate under Regime Shifts

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  • Garcia, Rene
  • Perron, Pierre

Abstract

The authors consider the time-series behavior of the U.S. real interest rate from 1961 to 1986, using the methodology of James D. Hamilton (1989), by allowing three possible regimes affecting both the mean and variance. The results suggest that the ex-post real interest rate is essentially random with means and variances that are different for the periods 1961-73, 1973-80, and 1980-86. The inflation rate series also shows interesting shifts in both mean and variance. Series for the ex-ante real interest rate and expected inflation are constructed. Finally, the authors make clear how their results can explain some recent findings in the literature. Copyright 1996 by MIT Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics & Statistics.

Volume (Year): 78 (1996)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 111-25

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:78:y:1996:i:1:p:111-25

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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/

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  1. René Garcia, 1995. "Asymptotic Null Distribution of the Likelihood Ratio Test in Markov Switching Models," CIRANO Working Papers 95s-07, CIRANO.
  2. Antoncic, Madelyn, 1986. "High and Volatile Real Interest Rates: Where Does the Fed Fit In?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 18(1), pages 18-27, February.
  3. Andrews, Donald W K, 1991. "Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(3), pages 817-58, May.
  4. Perron, Pierre, 1990. "Testing for a Unit Root in a Time Series with a Changing Mean," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 8(2), pages 153-62, April.
  5. Logue, Dennis E & Willett, Thomas D, 1976. "A Note on the Relation between the Rate and Variability of Inflation," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 43(17), pages 151-58, May.
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  26. Garbade, Kenneth & Wachtel, Paul, 1978. "Time variation in the relationship between inflation and interest rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 755-765, November.
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  33. Lamoureux, Christopher G & Lastrapes, William D, 1990. "Persistence in Variance, Structural Change, and the GARCH Model," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 8(2), pages 225-34, April.
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