# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

**For corrections or technical questions regarding this series, please contact (Mirko Janc)**

**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### 1985, Volume 31, Issue 2

**175-187 Capacity Expansion of Power Generation Systems with Uncertainty in the Prices of Primary Energy Resources***by*Nissan Levin & Asher Tishler & Jacob Zahavi**188-199 The Role of Linear Recursive Estimators in Time Series Forecasting***by*D. J. Pack & D. H. Pike & D. J. Downing**200-206 Optimal Weighted l p Norm Parameters for Facilities Layout Distance Characterizations***by*Robert F. Love & Paul D. Dowling**207-223 Approximating the Criticality Indices of the Activities in PERT Networks***by*Bajis M. Dodin & Salah E. Elmaghraby**224-234 Using Simulation to Estimate First Passage Distribution***by*Sheldon M. Ross & Zvi Schechner**235-239 Approximating the Equilibrium Behavior of Multi-Server Loss Systems***by*J. P. Jarvis**240-248 Note---Finding Certain Weakly-Efficient Vertices in Multiple Objective Linear Fractional Programming***by*Harold P. Benson

### 1985, Volume 31, Issue 1

**1-25 A Measurement Error Approach for Modeling Consumer Risk Preference***by*Jehoshua Eliashberg & John R. Hauser**26-32 Ordinal Ranking with Intensity of Preference***by*Wade D. Cook & Moshe Kress**33-49 A Cluster-Analytic Approach to Facility Layout***by*Michael Scriabin & Roger C. Vergin**50-65 Malaysian Integrated Population Program Performance: Its Relation to Organizational and Integration Factors***by*C. O. Fong**66-77 Antithetic Variates, Multivariate Dependence and Simulation of Stochastic Systems***by*Reuven Y. Rubinstein & Gennady Samorodnitsky & Moshe Shaked**78-83 Reversibility of Tandem Blocking Queueing Systems***by*Genji Yamazaki & Takeshi Kawashima & Hirotaka Sakasegawa**84-95 The p-Median Problem for Cluster Analysis: A Comparative Test Using the Mixture Model Approach***by*T. D. Klastorin**96-108 Use of Sample Information in Stochastic Recourse and Chance-Constrained Programming Models***by*R. Jagannathan**109-114 Note---The Logic of Policy as Argument***by*Mitchell O. Locks**114-116 Note---Testing Regret***by*Paul Anand**117-122 Reply---Putting a Premium on Regret***by*David E. Bell

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 12

**1389-1404 Introduction Strategy for New Products with Positive and Negative Word-of-Mouth***by*Vijay Mahajan & Eitan Muller & Roger A. Kerin**1405-1423 An Empirical Investigation of Success Strategies for Businesses Along the Product Life Cycle***by*R. A. Thietart & R. Vivas**1424-1441 Application of Mathematical Programming to the Plywood Design and Manufacturing Problem***by*Derek R. Atkins & Daniel Granot & B. G. Raghavendra**1442-1458 Maximization of Labor Productivity Through Optimal Rest-Break Schedules***by*Stephen E. Bechtold & Ralph E. Janaro & De Witt L. Sumners**1459-1472 Experimental Evaluation of Variance Reduction Techniques for Queueing Simulation Using Generalized Concomitant Variables***by*J. R. Wilson & A. A. B. Pritsker**1473-1489 School Timetabling---A Case in Large Binary Integer Linear Programming***by*Arabinda Tripathy**1490-1496 Incomplete Information, High-Low Bidding and Public Information in First Price Auctions***by*Tom K. Lee**1497-1523 Solving Generalized Networks***by*Gerald G. Brown & Richard D. McBride**1524-1539 An Approach for Developing an Optimal Discount Pricing Policy***by*Rajiv Lal & Richard Staelin**1540-1547 Different Measures of Win Rate for Optimal Proportional Betting***by*Peter A. Griffin**1548-1548 Communication***by*Mokrane Bouakiz**1548-1548 Erratum to "Conditions on Risk Attitude for a Single Attribute"***by*Charles M. Harvey

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 11

**1268-1282 An Overview of Techniques for Solving Multiobjective Mathematical Programs***by*Gerald W. Evans**1283-1300 State of the Art---Utility Assessment Methods***by*Peter H. Farquhar**1301-1310 Multiattribute Nonlinear Utility Theory***by*Peter C. Fishburn**1311-1322 Stochastic Dominance Decision Rules when the Attributes are Utility Independent***by*K. C. Mosler**1323-1335 Relational Systems of Preference with One or More Pseudo-Criteria: Some New Concepts and Results***by*B. Roy & Ph. Vincke**1336-1345 Solving the Discrete Multiple Criteria Problem using Convex Cones***by*Pekka Korhonen & Jyrki Wallenius & Stanley Zionts**1346-1349 On Efficient Solutions to Multiple Objective Mathematical Programs***by*T. J. Lowe & J.-F. Thisse & J. E. Ward & R. E. Wendell**1350-1361 Multiattribute Risky Choice Behavior: The Editing of Complex Prospects***by*John W. Payne & Dan J. Laughhunn & Roy Crum**1362-1375 Topological and Computational Aspects of Preemptive Multicriteria Military Personnel Assignment Problems***by*Darwin Klingman & Nancy V. Phillips**1376-1384 Sausage Blending Using Multiple Objective Linear Programming***by*Ralph E. Steuer**1385-1387 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 10

**1143-1160 Large-Scale Portfolio Optimization***by*Andre F. Perold**1161-1183 A Longitudinal Study of the Corporate Life Cycle***by*Danny Miller & Peter H. Friesen**1184-1196 A Partial Covering Approach to Siting Response Resources for Major Maritime Oil Spills***by*S. Belardo & J. Harrald & W. A. Wallace & J. Ward**1197-1206 Monitoring an Input-Output Model for Production. I. The Control Charts***by*D. R. Jensen & Y. V. Hui & P. M. Ghare**1207-1216 A Queueing System with Auxiliary Servers***by*Linda Green**1217-1225 Asymptotic Properties of Some Confidence Interval Estimators for Simulation Output***by*David Goldsman & Lee Schruben**1226-1237 Effect of Risk Aversion on Single Sample Attribute Inspection Plans***by*Herbert Moskowitz & Robert Plante**1238-1249 A Perturbation Scheme to Improve Hillier's Solution to the Facilities Layout Problem***by*Christopher J. Picone & Wilbert E. Wilhelm**1250-1254 Periodic Review Inventory Systems with Continuous Demand and Discrete Order Sizes***by*John N. Tsitsiklis**1255-1261 Strong Formulations for Multi-Item Capacitated Lot Sizing***by*Imre Barany & Tony J. Van Roy & Laurence A. Wolsey**1262-1263 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 9

**1031-1050 An Empirical Test of Value-Based Planning Models and Implications***by*Carolyn Y. Woo**1051-1066 A Model of Venture Capitalist Investment Activity***by*Tyzoon T. Tyebjee & Albert V. Bruno**1067-1077 Inferring Preferences in Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis Using a Logistic Regression Model***by*Theodor J. Stewart**1078-1092 Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis***by*R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper**1093-1104 Sequencing Rules and Due-Date Assignments in a Job Shop***by*Kenneth R. Baker**1105-1112 Joint Inventory Replenishments with Group Discounts Based on Invoice Value***by*Amiya K. Chakravarty**1113-1120 Stochastic Models of Internal Mail Delivery Systems***by*Steven Nahmias & Michael H. Rothkopf**1121-1140 Approximation Methods for the Uncapacitated Dynamic Lot Size Problem***by*Gabriel R. Bitran & Thomas L. Magnanti & Horacio H. Yanasse**1141-1142 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 8

**905-927 The Natural Logic of Management Policy Making: Its Implications for the Survival of an Organization***by*Roger I. Hall**928-951 The Nature and Design of Post-Industrial Organizations***by*George P. Huber**952-963 Portfolio Theory for Independent Assets***by*Paul L. McEntire**964-981 The Feasibility of One-Officer Patrol in New York City***by*Linda Green & Peter Kolesar**982-992 Estimating Learning Curves from Aggregate Monthly Data***by*Norman Keith Womer**993-1003 A Comparison of the Optimal Ordering Levels of Bayesian and Non-Bayesian Inventory Models***by*Katy S. Azoury & Bruce L. Miller**1004-1020 Two-Level Linear Programming***by*Wayne F. Bialas & Mark H. Karwan**1021-1024 The Factored Transportation Problem***by*James R. Evans**1025-1028 Note---On "Optimizing Field Repair Kits Based on Job Completion Rate"***by*Salvatore T. March & Gary D. Scudder**1029-1030 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 7

**777-800 Blood Inventory Management: An Overview of Theory and Practice***by*Gregory P. Prastacos**801-822 Estimation of Attribute Weights from Preference Comparisons***by*Dan Horsky & M. R. Rao**823-843 Setting Standards: A Systematic Approach to Managing Public Health and Safety Risks***by*Baruch Fischhoff**844-853 Scheduling School Buses***by*Arthur J. Swersey & Wilson Ballard**854-867 A Comparison of Exact Approaches for Solving the Multiple Constrained Resource, Project Scheduling Problem***by*James H. Patterson**868-882 Sense-Making of Accounting Data as a Technique of Organizational Diagnosis***by*Richard J. Boland, Jr.**883-899 Scheduling Jobs with Exponentially Distributed Processing Times on Two Machines with Resource Constraints***by*Michael Pinedo & Gideon Weiss**890-902 Economic Models for R and D Project Selection in the Presence of Project Interactions***by*G. Edward Fox & Norman R. Baker & John L. Bryant**903-904 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 6

**653-664 A Multiple Dispatch Queueing Model of Police Patrol Operations***by*Linda Green**665-670 A Comparison of the Multiple Dispatch and M/M/c Priority Queueing Models of Police Patrol***by*Linda Green & Peter Kolesar**671-681 Measuring Productive Efficiency: An Application to Illinois Strip Mines***by*P. Byrnes & R. Färe & S. Grosskopf**682-695 Organization Strategy and Structural Differences for Radical Versus Incremental Innovation***by*John E. Ettlie & William P. Bridges & Robert D. O'Keefe**696-712 The Value of Market Share and the Product Life Cycle---A Game-Theoretic Model***by*Aneel Karnani**713-719 Production Planning in Assembly Line Systems***by*R. Chandrasekaran & Y. P. Aneja & K. P. K. Nair**720-726 A Quantity Discount Pricing Model to Increase Vendor Profits***by*James P. Monahan**727-738 An Examination of "Push-Pull" Theory Applied to Process Innovation in Knowledge Work***by*Robert W. Zmud**739-749 Priority Scheduling and Spares Stocking Policies for a Repair Shop: The Multiple Failure Case***by*Gary D. Scudder**750-764 A Distributed Parameter Cohort Personnel Planning Model That Uses Cross-Sectional Data***by*Cheryl Gaimon & Gerald L. Thompson**765-771 A Mixture of Dynamic Programming and Branch-and-Bound for the Subset-Sum Problem***by*Silvano Martello & Paolo Toth**772-773 Note---Comment on "Aggregate Safety Stock Levels and Component Part Commonality"***by*John O. McClain & William L. Maxwell & John A. Muckstadt & L. Joseph Thomas & Elliott N. Weiss**773-774 Reply---On "Comment on Aggregate Safety Stock Levels and Component Part Commonality"***by*David A. Collier**775-776 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 5

**533-542 An Empirical Investigation of the Impact of Graphical and Tabular Data Presentations on Decision Making***by*William Remus**543-561 A Comparative Evaluation of Multiattribute Consumer Preference Models***by*Imran S. Currim & Rakesh K. Sarin**562-571 Effects of Federal Support on Company-Financed R and D: The Case of Energy***by*Edwin Mansfield & Lorne Switzer**572-585 The Effects of Communication on Technological Innovation***by*Yar M. Ebadi & James M. Utterback**586-603 User Involvement and MIS Success: A Review of Research***by*Blake Ives & Margrethe H. Olson**604-617 A Budget Holdback Policy for Multi-Item Procurement Processes***by*Richard C. Morey & Dennis J. Sweeney**618-622 A Revision of the Power Approximation for Computing (s, S) Policies***by*Richard Ehrhardt & Charles Mosier**623-632 Approximations for Superposition Arrival Processes in Queues***by*G. F. Newell**633-643 A Note on the Room-Mates Problem and a Related Revenue Allocation Problem***by*Daniel Granot**644-647 Note---On the Single Machine Scheduling Problem with Quadratic Penalty Function of Completion Times: An Improved Branching Procedure***by*Sushil K. Gupta & Tapan Sen**648-649 Note---A Note on Spacecraft for Multi-Floor Layout Planning***by*F. Robert Jacobs**650-651 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 4

**396-406 Foundations of Risk Measurement. I. Risk As Probable Loss***by*Peter C. Fishburn**407-422 On Fates Comparable to Death***by*Ronald A. Howard**423-439 Survival versus Consumption***by*Donald S. Shepard & Richard J. Zeckhauser**440-451 Risk Attitude and Time Preference in Health***by*Amiram Gafni & George W. Torrance**452-463 A Perspective on Health and Safety Risk Analysis***by*Chauncey Starr & Chris Whipple**464-474 Modeling the Societal Impact of Fatal Accidents***by*Paul Slovic & Sarah Lichtenstein & Baruch Fischhoff**475-485 A Decision-Process Perspective on Risk and Policy Analysis***by*Howard Kunreuther & Joanne Linnerooth & James W. Vaupel**486-502 Managing the Risks of the Automobile: A Study of a Swedish Car Manufacturer***by*Ola Svenson**503-511 Risks of Catastrophic Derailments Involving the Release of Hazardous Materials***by*Theodore S. Glickman & Donald B. Rosenfield**512-517 Risk Assessment in a Chemical Storage Facility***by*Raymond F. Boykin & Raymond A. Freeman & Reuven R. Levary**518-528 Analysis of Alternative National Ambient Carbon Monoxide Standards***by*Ralph L. Keeney & Rakesh K. Sarin & Robert L. Winkler**529-531 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 3

**263-272 Effects of Planning Aids and Presentation Media on Performance and Affective Responses in Strategic Decision-Making***by*Charles R. Schwenk**273-278 Assessing Scenario Probabilities Via Interactive Goal Programming***by*Cornelis A. De Kluyver & Herbert Moskowitz**279-289 A Goal Programming Example in Public Health Resource Allocation***by*Kim M. Tingley & Judith S. Liebman**290-307 An Analysis of Network Location Problems with Distance Constraints***by*I. Douglas Moon & Sohail S. Chaudhry**308-325 Network Programming Models for Production Scheduling in Multi-Stage, Multi-Item Capacitated Systems***by*Anthony Zahorik & L. Joseph Thomas & William W. Trigeiro**326-343 Coalition Formation in a Five-Person Market Game***by*Amnon Rapoport & James P. Kahan**344-357 Coordinated Replenishments in a Multi-Item Inventory System with Compound Poisson Demands***by*A. Federgruen & H. Groenevelt & H. C. Tijms**358-367 Age Replacement Under Alternative Cost Criteria***by*J. Ansell & A. Bendell & S. Humble**368-380 A Study of Production Smoothing in a Job Shop Environment***by*Allan B. Cruickshanks & Robert D. Drescher & Stephen C. Graves**381-388 A Diffusion Approximation for an M/G/m Queue with Group Arrivals***by*Toshikazu Kimura & Tadashi Ohsone**389-392 Note---Removing a Self-Imposed Restriction in Modelling Hierarchical Decision Processes***by*Timothy W. Ruefli & James Storbeck**393-394 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 2

**137-155 Successful Information System Development in Relation to Situational Factors Which Affect Effective Communication Between MIS-Users and EDP-Specialists***by*B. De Brabander & G. Thiers**156-168 Reducing Control Loss in Organizations: The Implications of Dual Hierarchies, Mentoring and Strengthening Vertical Dyadic Linkages***by*Martin G. Evans**169-185 The Effect of Presentation Form on the Use of Information in Annual Reports***by*Jan Bell**186-197 On the Reswitching and Convergence Properties of Research & Development Rivalry***by*Tom K. Lee**198-208 An Urban Allocation Model Combining Time Series and Analytic Hierarchical Methods***by*Thomas Cook & Paul Falchi & Reynaldo Mariano**209-221 Factor Screening in Simulation: Evaluation of Two Strategies Based on Random Balance Sampling***by*Carl A. Mauro & Dennis E. Smith**222-239 Computationally Efficient Optimal Solutions to the Lot-Sizing Problem in Multistage Assembly Systems***by*Panayotis Afentakis & Bezalel Gavish & Uday Karmarkar**240-244 A Lot-Sizing Algorithm for Reducing Nervousness in MRP Systems***by*Dean H. Kropp & Robert C. Carlson**245-257 Log Bucking and Lumber Manufacturing Using Dynamic Programming***by*Bruce Faaland & David Briggs**258-259 Reply to Professors Charnes and Cooper Concerning Their Response to "Decision Problems Under Risk and Chance Constrained Programming"***by*Andrew J. Hogan & James G. Morris & Howard E. Thompson**260-262 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1984, Volume 30, Issue 1

**1-19 Intertemporal Allocation of Capital Costs in Electric Utility Capacity Expansion Planning Under Uncertainty***by*H. D. Sherali & A. L. Soyster & F. H. Murphy & S. Sen**20-24 The Groves Scheme, Profit Sharing and Moral Hazard***by*Susan I. Cohen & Martin Loeb**25-36 Partitioning Variance in Regression Analyses for Developing Policy Impact Models: The Case of the Federal Medicaid Program***by*Milton M. Chen**37-50 A Lower Multinomial Bound for the Total Overstatement Error in Accounting Populations***by*Robert Plante & John Neter & Robert A. Leitch**51-68 Queues in Which Customers Receive Simultaneous Service from a Random Number of Servers: A System Point Approach***by*Percy H. Brill & Linda Green**69-84 Approximations of Dynamic, Multilocation Production and Inventory Problems***by*Awi Federgruen & Paul Zipkin**85-99 An Integer Programming Algorithm with Network Cuts for Solving the Assembly Line Balancing Problem***by*F. Brian Talbot & James H. Patterson**100-109 The Dynamic Lot-Size Model with Stochastic Lead Times***by*Christopher Nevison & Michael Burstein**110-122 Thresholds and Transitivity in Stochastic Consumer Choice: A Multinomial Logit Analysis***by*S. K. Lioukas**123-132 The Profitability of Wagering on NFL Games***by*P. Tryfos & S. Casey & S. Cook & G. Leger & B. Pylypiak**133-135 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1983, Volume 29, Issue 12

**1349-1364 Corporate Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management: Insights from a Process Study***by*Robert A. Burgelman**1365-1379 The Confusion of Is and Ought in Game Theoretic Contexts***by*Joseph B. Kadane & Patrick D. Larkey**1380-1383 Comment on "The Confusion of Is and Ought in Game Theoretic Contexts"***by*Martin Shubik**1384-1392 Ranking in Tournaments and Group Decisionmaking***by*Stephen T. Goddard**1393-1413 Conjoint Analysis: A Comparative Analysis of Specification Tests for the Utility Function***by*Marcel L. Corstjens & David A. Gautschi**1414-1426 Techniques for Facilities Layout: Deciding which Pairs of Activities Should be Adjacent***by*L. R. Foulds**1427-1435 Aggregation in Manpower Planning***by*J. Wijngaard**1436-1443 Note---Optimal Long-Run Equilibrium Advertising Level for the Blattberg-Jeuland Model***by*Suresh P. Sethi**1444-1453 An Algorithm for Multiobjective Zero-One Linear Programming***by*Gülseren Kiziltan & Erkut Yucao\u{g}lu**1454-1455 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1983, Volume 29, Issue 11

**1225-1236 After the Crash: The Passenger Response to the DC-10 Disaster***by*Arnold Barnett & Anthony J. Lofaso**1237-1256 Sales Territory Alignment: A Review and Model***by*Andris A. Zoltners & Prabhakant Sinha**1257-1276 Comparison of Alternative Utility Functions in Portfolio Selection Problems***by*J. G. Kallberg & W. T. Ziemba**1277-1297 An Approach to the Optimal Positioning of a New Product***by*Bezalel Gavish & Dan Horsky & Kizhanatham Srikanth**1298-1308 A Numerical Method to Obtain the Equilibrium Results for the Multiple Finite Source Priority Queueing Model***by*M. Jeya Chandra & Robert G. Sargent**1309-1324 A Branch and Bound Algorithm for Assembly Line Balancing Problems with Formulation Irregularities***by*Roger V. Johnson**1325-1333 A Recursive Kalman Filter Forecasting Approach***by*Douglas R. Kahl & Johannes Ledolter**1334-1336 Note---On Choosing Between Rev. Bayes and Prof. Von Neumann***by*James P. Kahan**1337-1340 Note---Subjective Probability and the Theory of Games: Some Further Comments***by*Alvin E. Roth & Françoise Schoumaker**1341-1345 Note---Modeling Semirational Competitive Behavior***by*Michael H. Rothkopf**1346-1346 Erratum to "Reliability and Inventory in a Production-Storage System"***by*Robert R. Meyer & Michael H. Rothkopf & Stephen A. Smith**1347-1348 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1983, Volume 29, Issue 10

**1113-1125 A Study of Economists' Consensus Forecasts***by*David Ahlers & Josef Lakonishok**1126-1141 Mathematical Programming Approaches to Capacity-Constrained MRP Systems: Review, Formulation and Problem Reduction***by*Peter J. Billington & John O. McClain & L. Joseph Thomas**1142-1155 Methods for the Evaluation of Permutations as Strategies in Stochastic Scheduling Problems***by*K. D. Glazebrook**1156-1166 Risk Premiums for Decision Regret***by*David E. Bell**1167-1184 An Econometric Study of Recruitment Marketing in the U.S. Navy***by*Dominique M. Hanssens & Henry A. Levien**1185-1197 The Evolution of Organizational Structure and Technology in a Developing Country***by*Linsu Kim & James M. Utterback**1198-1208 A Fluid Flow Model of Networks of Queues***by*James S. Vandergraft**1209-1222 Identifying Redundant Constraints and Implicit Equalities in Systems of Linear Constraints***by*Jan Telgen**1223-1224 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1983, Volume 29, Issue 9

**987-996 Averages of Forecasts: Some Empirical Results***by*Spyros Makridakis & Robert L. Winkler**997-1015 An Evaluation of Federal Policy Instruments to Stimulate Basic Research in Industry***by*Prafulla Joglekar & Morris Hamburg**1016-1026 An Evaluation of Federal Policies Concerning Joint Ventures for Applied Research and Development***by*Prafulla Joglekar & Morris Hamburg**1027-1036 A Goal Seeking Investment Model***by*K. O. Cogger & O. M. Joy & W. Ruland & P. L. Yu**1037-1050 The Customer Contact Model for Organization Design***by*Richard B. Chase & David A. Tansik**1051-1061 Optimal Strategies for Selling an Asset***by*Donald B. Rosenfield & Roy D. Shapiro & David A. Butler**1062-1068 A Multi-Item Maintenance Center Inventory Model for Low-Demand Reparable Items***by*Margaret K. Schaefer**1069-1086 An Algorithmic Solution to Two-Stage Transfer Lines with Possible Scrapping of Units***by*J. G. Shanthikumar & C. C. Tien**1087-1101 Oligopoly Models for Optimal Advertising When Production Costs Obey a Learning Curve***by*Jinn-Tsair Teng & Gerald L. Thompson**1102-1109 An Inspection Policy Model for Production Facilities***by*Hanan Luss**1110-1112 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1983, Volume 29, Issue 8

**869-883 Constructing a Complex Judgmental Model: An Index of Trauma Severity***by*Dennis G. Fryback & Ralph L. Keeney**884-906 Supply, Storage, and Service Reliability Decisions by Gas Distribution Utilities: A Chance-Constrained Approach***by*Jean-Michel Guldmann**907-908 Supply, Storage, and Service Reliability Decisions by Gas Distribution Utilities: A Chance-Constrained Approach: Comments on Guldmann's Paper***by*Jill J. Rasmussen**909-926 An Injury Threshold Model for Two-Car Collisions***by*K. S. Krishnan & James V. Carnahan & Martin J. Beckmann**927-941 Equilibrium Strategies for Final-Offer Arbitration: There is no Median Convergence***by*Steven J. Brams & Samuel Merrill, III**942-950 Simple Approaches to Shift, Days-Off and Tour Scheduling Problems***by*James G. Morris & Michael J. Showalter