IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

And fairness for all? Wie gerecht ist die Finanzierung im deutschen Gesundheitssystem? Eine Berechnung des Kakwani-Index auf Basis der EVS

  • Härpfer, Marco
  • Cacace, Mirella
  • Rothgang, Heinz
Registered author(s):

    Unser Beitrag thematisiert soziale Gerechtigkeit in der Finanzierung des deutschen Gesundheitssystems. Obgleich in öffentlichen Debatten häufig mit sozialer Gerechtigkeit argumentiert wird, fehlt ein entsprechendes Konzept und demzufolge auch die empirische Fundierung. Wir greifen dieses Defizit auf indem wir (1) einen theoretischen Referenzrahmen ableiten und (2) die empirischen Ergebnisse zu sozialer Gerechtigkeit im Status Quo des deutschen Gesundheitssystems aktualisieren. Als theoretischen Referenzrahmen wählen wir das WHO Konzept zur fairen Finanzierung in Gesundheitssystemen. Nach einer Zusammenfassung der Kritik an der WHO Studie benennen wir als Postulate: (1) keine risikogebundenen Prämien (2) Haushalte mit gleichem Einkommen sollen gleiche Prämien bezahlen (horizontal justice) (3) höhere Einkommen führen zu entsprechend höheren Prämien (vertical justice). Zur Messung fairer Finanzierung berechnen wir die Gesamt- und Teilwerte des Kakwani-Index auf Basis aktueller Daten der Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe 2003 (EVS 2003). Im Vergleich zeigen unsere Ergebnisse für den Gesamtindex, dass die Finanzierung der Gesundheitsausgaben innerhalb der vergangenen 15 Jahre geringfügig weniger regressiv geworden ist (von -0.045 auf -0.041). Bei einer differenzierten Betrachtung der einzelnen Finanzierungskomponenten zeigen sich Verschiebungen. Wir schließen unsere Betrachtung mit einem methodischen Hinweis zur Anwendung des Kakwani-Index für das deutsche Gesundheitssystem.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/39351/1/609490079.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS) in its series Working papers of the ZeS with number 04/2009.

    as
    in new window

    Length:
    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zeswps:042009
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Parkallee 39, 28209 Bremen
    Phone: 0421/218-4362
    Fax: 0421/218-7540
    Web page: http://en.zes.uni-bremen.de/ccm/navigation/
    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Barr, Nicholas, 1992. "Economic Theory and the Welfare State: A Survey and Interpretation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(2), pages 741-803, June.
    2. Adam Wagstaff, 2002. "Reflections on and alternatives to WHO's fairness of financial contribution index," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(2), pages 103-115.
    3. Stefan Bach, 2005. "Mehrwertsteuerbelastung der privaten Haushalte: Dokumentation des Mehrwertsteuer-Moduls des Konsumsteuer-Mikrosimulationsmodells des DIW Berlin auf Grundlage der Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe," Data Documentation 10, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Adam Wagstaff, 2010. "Social health insurance reexamined," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(5), pages 503-517.
    5. William C. Hsiao, 2000. "What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy: A Primer," IMF Working Papers 00/136, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Johannesson, Magnus, 2000. "Income-related inequality in life-years and quality-adjusted life-years," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 1007-1026, November.
    7. Owen O'Donnell & Eddy van Doorslaer & Adam Wagstaff & Magnus Lindelow, 2008. "Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data : A Guide to Techniques and Their Implementation," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6896, March.
    8. Manning, Willard G, et al, 1987. "Health Insurance and the Demand for Medical Care: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(3), pages 251-77, June.
    9. Eddy van Doorslaer & Xander Koolman & Andrew M. Jones, 2004. "Explaining income-related inequalities in doctor utilisation in Europe," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(7), pages 629-647.
    10. Kakwani, Nanok C, 1977. "Measurement of Tax Progressivity: An International Comparison," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 87(345), pages 71-80, March.
    11. Markus Wörz & Reinhard Busse, 2005. "Analysing the impact of health-care system change in the EU member states - Germany," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(S1), pages S133-S149.
    12. Nicholas Barr, 1992. "Economic theory and the welfare state : a survey and interpretation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 279, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    13. Peter S. Heller, 2007. "What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy?," IMF Working Papers 07/13, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Rothschild, Michael & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1976. "Equilibrium in Competitive Insurance Markets: An Essay on the Economics of Imperfect Information," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 630-49, November.
    15. Rothgang, Heinz & Cacace, Mirella, 2005. "Fair financing in Germany's public health insurance: income-related contributions or flat premiums," TranState Working Papers 26, University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State.
    16. Aronson, J Richard & Johnson, Paul & Lambert, Peter J, 1994. "Redistributive Effects and Unequal Income Tax Treatment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(423), pages 262-70, March.
    17. Jenkins, Stephen, 1988. "Calculating Income Distribution Indices from Micro-Data," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 41(1), pages 139-42, March.
    18. Diana De Graeve & Tom Van Ourti, 2003. "The Distributional Impact of Health Financing in Europe: A Review," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(10), pages 1459-1479, November.
    19. Anita B. Pfaff & Bernhard Langer & Florian Mamberer & Florian Freund & Axel Olaf Kern & Martin Pfaff, 2003. "Zuzahlungen nach dem GKV-Modernisierungsgesetz (GMG) unter Beruecksichtigung von Haertefallregelungen," Discussion Paper Series 253, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:zeswps:042009. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.