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On the incidence of renewable energy subsidies into land prices - Evidence from Germany

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  • Simmler, Martin
  • Haan, Peter

Abstract

In 2012, the subsidy for electricity produced by wind turbines - introduced with the Renewable Energy Act (REA) in Germany 2000 - amounts to almost 14 billion Euros or roughly 100% of the corporate income tax revenue. The central aim of this subsidy is to foster investment into renewable energy sources by providing long run financial security. In this analysis, we study the incidence of this subsidy on land prices. Our empirical design exploits variation over time in the return of wind turbines due to the introduction of the REA and relates it to changes in transaction prices for agricultural land for 250 non-urban counties between 1997 and 2012. We employ an instrumental variable estimator to ensure unbiased coefficients despite the endogeneity of the plants' location decision. We find that 11% of the subsidy paid to wind turbine investors is capitalized into land prices. Accounting for investor's costs, the share raises to 24% of investor's profits. The results are robust for a wide range of specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Simmler, Martin & Haan, Peter, 2015. "On the incidence of renewable energy subsidies into land prices - Evidence from Germany," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112950, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc15:112950
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    1. Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato & Owen Zidar, 2016. "Who Benefits from State Corporate Tax Cuts? A Local Labor Markets Approach with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(9), pages 2582-2624, September.
    2. Clemens Fuest & Andreas Peichl & Sebastian Siegloch, 2018. "Do Higher Corporate Taxes Reduce Wages? Micro Evidence from Germany," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 108(2), pages 393-418, February.
    3. Till Requate, 2015. "Green tradable certificates versus feed-in tariffs in the promotion of renewable energy shares," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 17(2), pages 211-239, April.
    4. Breustedt, Gunnar & Habermann, Hendrik, 2010. "Einfluss Der Biogaserzeugung Auf Landwirtschaftliche Pachtpreise In Deutschland," 50th Annual Conference, Braunschweig, Germany, September 29-October 1, 2010 93937, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    5. Pavel Ciaian & d’Artis Kancs, 2012. "The Capitalization of Area Payments into Farmland Rents: Micro Evidence from the New EU Member States," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 60(4), pages 517-540, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Langenmayr, Dominika Irma & Martin, Simmler, 2016. "Why the Current Tax Rate Tells You Little: Competing For Mobile and Immobile Firms," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145568, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources

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