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Why the Current Tax Rate Tells You Little: Competing For Mobile and Immobile Firms

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  • Langenmayr, Dominika Irma
  • Martin, Simmler

Abstract

This paper analyses if, and to which extent, firms anticipate future tax rate changes. The weight of future tax rates in firms' location decisions may explain differences in the sensitivity of firms' location decision to current tax rates. Firms with high relocation costs, for example, are more sensitive to expected future changes in the tax rate, as they find it more costly to react to tax rate increases later. Governments react to this behavior by increasing the corporate tax rate if the share of firms with high relocation costs is high. We first derive these effects in a simple model and then test for them empirically, using the evolution of a new and highly immobile industry (wind turbines) for identification.

Suggested Citation

  • Langenmayr, Dominika Irma & Martin, Simmler, 2016. "Why the Current Tax Rate Tells You Little: Competing For Mobile and Immobile Firms," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145568, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc16:145568
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    Cited by:

    1. Haupt, Alexander & Krieger, Tim, 2020. "The role of relocation mobility in tax and subsidy competition," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).
    2. Schneider, Andrea, 2017. "Policy diffusion and the competition for mobile resources," VfS Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168203, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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