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How and why does the efficiency of regional innovation systems differ?


  • Fritsch, Michael


Literature suggests that location should matter for R&D activities. However, attempts to empirically detect differences in innovation activity between regions have so far been rather unsuccessful. Using a unique data set which contains comparable information about manufacturing enterprises in eleven European regions, a number of significant regional differences in the efficiency of innovation activities can be found. This variation is in correspondence with a center-periphery pattern indicating that agglomeration economies are conducive to R&D activities. The paper investigates whether the differences in efficiency of regional innovation systems can be explained by differences in R&D-cooperation behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Fritsch, Michael, 2002. "How and why does the efficiency of regional innovation systems differ?," Freiberg Working Papers 2002,05, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tufwps:200205

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fritsch, Michael & Lukas, Rolf, 2001. "Who cooperates on R&D?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 297-312, February.
    2. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
    3. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
    4. Michael Fritsch, 2003. "Does R&D-Cooperation Behavior Differ between Regions?," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 25-39.
    5. Baptista, Rui & Swann, Peter, 1998. "Do firms in clusters innovate more?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 525-540, September.
    6. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1992. "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 363-367, March.
    7. G. M. Peter Swann & Rui Baptista, 1999. "A comparison of clustering dynamics in the US and UK computer industries," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 373-399.
    8. Fritsch, Michael & Franke, Grit, 2004. "Innovation, regional knowledge spillovers and R&D cooperation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 245-255, March.
    9. Michael Fritsch, 2002. "Measuring the Quality of Regional Innovation Systems: A Knowledge Production Function Approach," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 25(1), pages 86-101, January.
    10. Michael Fritsch, 2004. "Cooperation and the efficiency of regional R&D activities," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(6), pages 829-846, November.
    11. Michael Fritsch, 2001. "Co-operation in Regional Innovation Systems," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 297-307.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fritsch, Michael & Stützer, Michael, 2006. "Die Geografie der Kreativen Klasse in Deutschland," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,11, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    2. Tom Broekel & Nicky Rogge & Thomas Brenner, 2018. "The innovation efficiency of German regions – a shared-input DEA approach," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 38(1), pages 77-109, February.
    3. Minuk, Olga & Rossaro, Fabiana & Walther, Ursula, 2005. "Zur Reform der Einlagensicherung in Weißrussland - Kritische Analyse und Vergleich mit dem Deutschen Einlagensicherungssystem," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,12, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    4. Jacob, Dieter & Uhlig, Tilo & Stuhr, Constanze, 2005. "Bewertung der Immobilien von Akutkrankenhäusern der Regelversorgung unter Beachtung des neuen DRG-orientierten Vergütungssystems für stationäre Leistungen," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,02, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    5. Körnert, Jan & Rossaro, Fabiana, 2004. "Der Eigenkapitalbeitrag in der Marktzinsmethode," Freiberg Working Papers 2004,11, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    6. Grosse, Diana & Ullmann, Robert & Weyh, Enrico, 2006. "Die Führung innovativer Teams unter Berücksichtigung rechtlicher und psychologischer Aspekte," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,05, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    7. Rogler, Silvia, 2006. "Vergleichbarkeit von Gesamt- und Umsatzkostenverfahren: Auswirkungen auf die Jahresabschlussanalyse," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    8. Enke, Margit & Greschuchna, Larissa, 2005. "Aufbau von Vertrauen in Dienstleistungsinteraktionen durch Instrumente der Kommunikationspolitik - dargestellt am Beispiel der Beratung kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen -," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    9. Felden, Carsten & Bock, Heiko & Gräning, André & Molotowa, Lana & Saat, Jan, 2006. "Evaluation von Algorithmen zur Textklassifikation," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,10, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    10. Tom Broekel & Thomas Brenner, 2007. "Measuring Regional Innovativeness - A Methodological Discussion and an Application to One German Industry," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-065, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.

    More about this item


    Innovation; R&D productivity; R&D cooperation; regional innovation systems; knowledge production function; Innovation; FuE Produktivität; FuE Kooperation; Regionale Innovationssysteme; Wissensproduktionsfunktion;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General


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