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Co-operation in Regional Innovation Systems

  • Michael Fritsch

The paper deals with co-operative relationships of manufacturing firms in three German regions. By applying a hurdle-count data model, differences between regions as well as between smaller and larger firms are analysed. The differences between regions regarding the propensity of firms to co-operate are mainly due to peculiarities of the small business sector. Spatial proximity is obviously of particular importance for horizontal co-operation and for relationships to publicly funded research institutions. The link between the cooperative behaviour of firms and the performance of the regional innovation system remains, however, unclear. Cet article traite du partenariat des entreprises industrielles situees dans trois regions en Allemagne. On anlayse les differences interregionales ainsi que les differences entre les petites entreprises et les grandes entreprises. Pour ce qui est de la propensite des entreprises � a cooperer, les differences interregionales s'expliquent largement par des particularites de la petite entreprise. Il va sans dire que la proximitegeographique est d'une importance indeniable pour la cooperation horizontale et pour les rapports avec les centres de recherche publics. Toujours est-il que le lien entre le partenariat des entreprises et la performance des systemes d'innovation regionaux reste ambigu. In dem Aufsatz wird das Kooperationsverhalten von Industriebetrieben in drei deutschen Regionen anhand eines Hurden-Zahldatenmodells analysiert. Dabei werden sowohl interregionale Unterschiede als auch Unterschiede zwischen kleinen und grosseren Betrieben herausgearbeitet. Es zeigt sich, dass Unterschiede hinsichtlich der Kooperationsneigung zwischen den Regionen vor allem auf entsprechenden Besonderheiten der Kleinbetriebe beruhen. Raumliche Nahe ist offenbar insbesondere fur die horizontale Kooperationsbeziehungen sowie fur die Zusammenarbeit mit offentlichen Forschungseinrichtungen von Bedeutung. Der Zusammenhang zwischen Kooperationsneigung und der Leistungsfahigkeit des entsprechenden regionalen Innovationssystems bleibt unklar.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 35 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 297-307

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:35:y:2001:i:4:p:297-307
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  1. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-70, December.
  2. Cooke, Philip & Gomez Uranga, Mikel & Etxebarria, Goio, 1997. "Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4-5), pages 475-491, December.
  3. Jaffe, A.B. & Trajtenberg, M., 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Papers 14-92, Tel Aviv.
  4. Winkelmann, Rainer & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 1995. " Recent Developments in Count Data Modelling: Theory and Application," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(1), pages 1-24, March.
  5. Mullahy, John, 1986. "Specification and testing of some modified count data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 341-365, December.
  6. Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reijnen, Jeroen O. N., 1992. "Why do firms cooperate on R&D? an empirical study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 347-360, August.
  7. Gernot Grabher & David Stark, 1997. "Organizing Diversity: Evolutionary Theory, Network Analysis and Postsocialism," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 533-544.
  8. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
  9. Fritsch, Michael & Lukas, Rolf, 2001. "Who cooperates on R&D?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 297-312, February.
  10. Michael Fritsch, 2000. "Interregional Differences in R&D Activities—An Empirical Investigation," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 409-427, August.
  11. Micheal Fritsch & Christian Schwirten, 1999. "Enterprise-University Co-operation and the Role of Public Research Institutions in Regional Innovation Systems," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 69-83.
  12. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
  13. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1992. "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 363-67, March.
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