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Grunderwerbsteuer: Eine Steuer für das 21. Jahrhundert?

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  • Petkova, Kunka
  • Weichenrieder, Alfons J.

Abstract

In der Literatur wird oftmals angeführt, dass die Grunderwerbsteuer weder aus Sicht des Äquivalenzprinzips noch aus Sicht des Leistungsfähigkeitsprinzips zu rechtfertigen ist und daher in einem modernen Steuersystem nichts verloren hätte. Das vorliegende Papier weist darauf hin, dass die Grunderwerbsteuer Parallelen zur Grundsteuer aufweist und sich, zumindest aus ökonomischer Sicht, in eine Grundsteuer umbauen ließe. Dies könnte insbesondere dann interessant sein, wenn die derzeitige deutsche Grundsteuer in eine reine Flächensteuer umgebaut wird, die den Wert der Bebauung unbesteuert lässt. Ein Umbau der Grunderwerbsteuer, bei der der Kaufpreis dynamisiert wird und dann einer jährlichen Steuer unterworfen wird, hat einige Vorteile. Diese resultieren daraus, dass der negative Effekt auf die Zahl der Immobilientransaktionen (Lock-in-Effekt) abgemildert würde. Könnte die Dynamisierung treffsicher an die regionale Immobilienpreisentwicklung angepasst werden, entfällt der Lock-in-Effekt für Immobilien, die bereits einmal der dynamisierten Grunderwerbsteuer unterworfen waren, sogar komplett. Dies hat nicht nur positive Effekte auf das Funktionieren des Wohnungs- und Arbeitsmarktes, sondern kann auch dem Problem der Share Deals entgegen wirken.

Suggested Citation

  • Petkova, Kunka & Weichenrieder, Alfons J., 2019. "Grunderwerbsteuer: Eine Steuer für das 21. Jahrhundert?," SAFE White Paper Series 58, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:safewh:58
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Grunderwerbsteuer; Reformvorschläge; Freibetrag; Steuergestaltung; Share Deals;
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