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Von Staaten, Märkten und Subventionen: Paradigmenwechsel in der Armutsbekämpfung?

Listed author(s):
  • Peters, Jörg

Dieses Papier beleuchtet die Diskussion um Gestaltung und Wirksamkeit der bisherigen Entwicklungspolitik und liefert einen Ausblick für ihre Zukunft. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit erhält dabei die Rolle des Marktes in der Armutsbekämpfung auf der einen Seite und die des Staates und öffentlicher Subventionen auf der anderen. Am aktuellen Rand verläuft die Demarkationslinie in der entwicklungspolitischen Diskussion entlang der klassischen Lager von angebots- und nachfrageseitiger Wirtschaftspolitik. Während die eine Seite für massive Subventionen zur Armutsreduktion wirbt, sieht die andere darin eher die Ursache für verzerrende Effekte und schlägt die Bildung von Institutionen vor, die insbesondere marktwirtschaftliche Aktivitäten ermöglichen. Jenseits dieser zum Teil sehr ideologischen Debatte schließt sich dieses Papier dem sogenannten Dritten Weg an und argumentiert für ein neues Paradigma in der Armutsbekämpfung: Die wirksamsten Ansätze sollen durch evidenzbasierte wissenschaftliche Begleitung identifiziert und dann ausgeweitet werden. Am Ende eines solchen Paradigmenwechsels würde im Idealfall eine neue Form der erfolgsbasierten Konditionalität stehen.

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Paper provided by RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung in its series RWI Materialien with number 85.

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Date of creation: 2014
Handle: RePEc:zbw:rwimat:85
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  1. Rema Hanna & Esther Duflo & Michael Greenstone, 2016. "Up in Smoke: The Influence of Household Behavior on the Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 80-114, February.
  2. Arndt, Channing & Jones, Sam & Tarp, Finn, 2015. "Assessing Foreign Aid’s Long-Run Contribution to Growth and Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 6-18.
  3. Michael A. Clemens & Steven Radelet & Rikhil R. Bhavnani & Samuel Bazzi, 2012. "Counting Chickens when they Hatch: Timing and the Effects of Aid on Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 122(561), pages 590-617, 06.
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  5. Paul Schultz, T., 2004. "School subsidies for the poor: evaluating the Mexican Progresa poverty program," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 199-250, June.
  6. Behrman, Jere R & Sengupta, Piyali & Todd, Petra, 2005. "Progressing through PROGRESA: An Impact Assessment of a School Subsidy Experiment in Rural Mexico," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(1), pages 237-275, October.
  7. Dong-Hyeon Kim & Shu-Chin Lin, 2012. "Trade and income at different stages of economic development," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(4), pages 409-421, February.
  8. Bauer, Peter T, 1969. "Dissent on Development," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 16(1), pages 75-94, February.
  9. William Easterly (ed.), 2008. "Reinventing Foreign Aid," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262550660, January.
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