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Von Staaten, Märkten und Subventionen: Paradigmenwechsel in der Armutsbekämpfung?

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  • Peters, Jörg

Abstract

Dieses Papier beleuchtet die Diskussion um Gestaltung und Wirksamkeit der bisherigen Entwicklungspolitik und liefert einen Ausblick für ihre Zukunft. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit erhält dabei die Rolle des Marktes in der Armutsbekämpfung auf der einen Seite und die des Staates und öffentlicher Subventionen auf der anderen. Am aktuellen Rand verläuft die Demarkationslinie in der entwicklungspolitischen Diskussion entlang der klassischen Lager von angebots- und nachfrageseitiger Wirtschaftspolitik. Während die eine Seite für massive Subventionen zur Armutsreduktion wirbt, sieht die andere darin eher die Ursache für verzerrende Effekte und schlägt die Bildung von Institutionen vor, die insbesondere marktwirtschaftliche Aktivitäten ermöglichen. Jenseits dieser zum Teil sehr ideologischen Debatte schließt sich dieses Papier dem sogenannten Dritten Weg an und argumentiert für ein neues Paradigma in der Armutsbekämpfung: Die wirksamsten Ansätze sollen durch evidenzbasierte wissenschaftliche Begleitung identifiziert und dann ausgeweitet werden. Am Ende eines solchen Paradigmenwechsels würde im Idealfall eine neue Form der erfolgsbasierten Konditionalität stehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Peters, Jörg, 2014. "Von Staaten, Märkten und Subventionen: Paradigmenwechsel in der Armutsbekämpfung?," RWI Materialien 85, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:rwimat:85
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    Keywords

    Entwicklungspolitik; evidenzbasierte Politikberatung;

    JEL classification:

    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General
    • O22 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Project Analysis

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