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Should you choose to do so...: A replication paradigm


  • Anderson, Richard G.


This note introduces the concept of the replication paradigm, a framework that can (and should) be followed in every replication attempt. The paradigm expands, in part, on Bruce McCullough's well-known paraphrase of Berkeley computer scientist Jon Claerbout's insight - "An applied economics article is only the advertising for the data and code that produced the results" - and on the view that the primary social and scientific value of replication is to measure the scientific contribution of the inferences in an empirical study. The paradigm has four steps. First, in the "candidate study," identify and state clearly the hypotheses advanced by the study's authors. Second, provide a clear statement of the authors' econometric methods. Third, discuss the data. Fourth, discuss the authors' statistical inference. The author's purpose in this ordering is to reverse the too-frequent focus in the replication literature on "data." The correct data, of course, are critical to the replication. But "replication" as a scientific endeavor will never achieve respectability unless and until it abandons a narrow focus on data and expands its focus to the underlying scientific inferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Anderson, Richard G., 2017. "Should you choose to do so...: A replication paradigm," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-79, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwedp:201779

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2007. "Viewpoint: Replication in economics," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 40(3), pages 715-733, August.
    2. Maren Duvendack & Richard Palmer-Jones & W. Robert Reed, 2017. "What Is Meant by "Replication" and Why Does It Encounter Resistance in Economics?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(5), pages 46-51, May.
    3. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2017. "Replication in Labor Economics: Evidence from Data, and What It Suggests," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(5), pages 37-40, May.
    4. Richard G. Anderson & William G. Dewald, 1994. "Replication and scientific standards in economics a decade later: the impact of JMCB project," Working Papers 1994-007, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    5. James Payne & George Waters, 2008. "Interest rate pass through and asymmetric adjustment: evidence from the federal funds rate operating target period," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(11), pages 1355-1362.
    6. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
    7. Sebastian Galiani & Paul Gertler & Mauricio Romero, 2017. "Incentives for Replication in Economics," NBER Working Papers 23576, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Replication; paradigm;

    JEL classification:

    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology

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