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Liquidity and solvency problems during the banking crises of the National Banking Era


  • Körnert, Jan


Liquidity and solvency are conditional for banks' existence, They are endangered during banking crises. Since the banking crises of the National Banking Era in the USA are no exceptions, the question remains whether the foundation of the Federal Reserve System offered an adequate solution to the relevant problems of the era, The study concludes that the introduction of the Federal Reserve System offered a good chance to solve the structural problems. On the other side, the Federal Reserve System would not have been in a position to come to the aid of troubled banks in the crises of 1890, 1873 and 1884 - either due to solvency problems or runs by depositors.

Suggested Citation

  • Körnert, Jan, 2006. "Liquidity and solvency problems during the banking crises of the National Banking Era," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Diskussionspapiere 05/2006, University of Greifswald, Faculty of Law and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:grewdp:052006

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. William Miles, 2002. "The Barings Crisis in Argentina: The role of exogenous European money market factors," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 5-29.
    2. V. V. Chari, 1989. "Banking without deposit insurance or bank panics: lessons from a model of the U.S. national banking system," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 3-19.
    3. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 1998. "Optimal Financial Crises," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(4), pages 1245-1284, August.
    4. Donaldson, R. Glen, 1992. "Costly liquidation, interbank trade, bank runs and panics," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 59-82, March.
    5. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 2005. "Liquidity Shortages and Banking Crises," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(2), pages 615-647, April.
    6. Charles W. Calomiris & Gary Gorton, 1991. "The Origins of Banking Panics: Models, Facts, and Bank Regulation," NBER Chapters,in: Financial Markets and Financial Crises, pages 109-174 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Paroush, Jacob, 1988. " The Domino Effect and the Supervision of the Banking System," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(5), pages 1207-1218, December.
    8. A. Piatt Andrew, 1906. "The Influence of the Crops upon Business in America," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(3), pages 323-352.
    9. William Roberds, 1995. "Financial crises and the payments system: lessons from the National Banking Era," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Sep, pages 15-31.
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    More about this item


    Banking Crises; National Banking Era; Liquidity; Solvency; Federal Reserve System;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets


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