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Analyse der Finanzmärkte der USA in den fünf Bankenkrisen der National Banking-Ära


  • Körnert, Jan


Zahlungs- und Schuldendeckungsfähigkeit stellen finanzwirtschaftliche Existenzbedingungen dar, deren Einhaltung in Bankenkrisen gefährdet ist. Das war nicht anders in den Bankenkri-sen der National Banking-Ära der USA. Fraglich ist, ob mit der Einführung des Federal Re-serve Systems eine angemessene Antwort auf die Probleme in den Bankenkrisen der National Banking-Ära gegeben wurde. Der Aufsatz kommt einerseits zum Schluß, daß das Federal Reserve System in der Lage war, die strukturellen Probleme zu lösen. Auf der anderen Seite wäre das Federal Reserve System mit den Schuldendeckungsproblemen in der Bankenkrise 1890 und mit dem panikartigen Verhalten der Einleger 1873 und 1884 überfordert gewesen.

Suggested Citation

  • Körnert, Jan, 2006. "Analyse der Finanzmärkte der USA in den fünf Bankenkrisen der National Banking-Ära," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Diskussionspapiere 01/2006, University of Greifswald, Faculty of Law and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:grewdp:012006

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. V. V. Chari, 1989. "Banking without deposit insurance or bank panics: lessons from a model of the U.S. national banking system," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 3-19.
    2. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 1998. "Optimal Financial Crises," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(4), pages 1245-1284, August.
    3. Miron, Jeffrey A, 1986. "Financial Panics, the Seasonality of the Nominal Interest Rate, and theFounding of the Fed," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 125-140, March.
    4. Donaldson, R. Glen, 1992. "Costly liquidation, interbank trade, bank runs and panics," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 59-82, March.
    5. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 2005. "Liquidity Shortages and Banking Crises," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(2), pages 615-647, April.
    6. Charles W. Calomiris & Gary Gorton, 1991. "The Origins of Banking Panics: Models, Facts, and Bank Regulation," NBER Chapters,in: Financial Markets and Financial Crises, pages 109-174 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Paroush, Jacob, 1988. " The Domino Effect and the Supervision of the Banking System," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(5), pages 1207-1218, December.
    8. A. Piatt Andrew, 1906. "The Influence of the Crops upon Business in America," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(3), pages 323-352.
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    More about this item


    Banking Crisis; National Banking Era; Liquidity; Solvency; Federal Reserve System; Bankenkrisen; National Banking-Ära; Zahlungsfähigkeit; Schuldendeckungsfähigkeit;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets


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