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Combating Deforestation? - Impacts of Improved Stove Dissemination on Charcoal Consumption in Urban Senegal

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  • Bensch, Gunther
  • Peters, Jörg

Abstract

The dissemination of improved cooking stoves (ICS) is frequently considered an effective instrument to combat deforestation. This paper evaluates the impacts of an ICS dissemination project in urban Senegal implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (German Agency for International Cooperation, or GIZ). Based on a survey among 624 households, we examine the effects of the intervention on charcoal consumption. Given a complex cooking behavior in urban Africa with simultaneous usage of different fuel and stove types, the virtue of our data set is that it provides for detailed information on individual stoves and meals. This allows for estimating charcoal savings by accounting for both household characteristics and meal specific cooking patterns. On average, households using an ICS save around 25 percent of charcoal per stove utilization. In total, around 6.1 to 6.9 percent of the Dakar charcoal consumption is saved due to the ICS dissemination project.

Suggested Citation

  • Bensch, Gunther & Peters, Jörg, 2011. "Combating Deforestation? - Impacts of Improved Stove Dissemination on Charcoal Consumption in Urban Senegal," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 9, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec11:9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. AfDB AfDB, . "The AfDB Group in North Africa 2009," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 116.
    2. Brunell, Thomas L. & DiNardo, John, 2004. "A Propensity Score Reweighting Approach to Estimating the Partisan Effects of Full Turnout in American Presidential Elections," Political Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(01), pages 28-45, December.
    3. Fei Yu, 2011. "Indoor Air Pollution and Children’s Health: Net Benefits from Stove and Behavioral Interventions in Rural China," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 50(4), pages 495-514, December.
    4. Frondel, Manuel & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2005. "Evaluating environmental programs: The perspective of modern evaluation research," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 515-526, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bensch, Gunther & Peters, Jörg, 2012. "A Recipe for Success? Randomized Free Distribution of Improved Cooking Stoves in Senegal," Ruhr Economic Papers 325, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    2. Grimm, Michael & Peters, Jörg, 2012. "Improved cooking stoves that end up in smoke?," RWI Positionen 52, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    3. Elisabeth Dresen & Ben DeVries & Martin Herold & Louis Verchot & Robert Müller, 2014. "Fuelwood Savings and Carbon Emission Reductions by the Use of Improved Cooking Stoves in an Afromontane Forest, Ethiopia," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(3), pages 1-21, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Impact evaluation; deforestation; energy access; Africa; Senegal;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O22 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Project Analysis
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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