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Pesticides And Farmer Health In Nicaragua: A Willingness To Pay Approach

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  • Waibel, Hermann
  • Garming, Hildegard

Abstract

This study presents an economic valuation of health risks of pesticides among Nicaraguan vegetable farmers. A comprehensive valuation of market and non-market value components of human health is established through farmers? willingness to pay (WTP) for low toxicity pesticides. Results show, that farmers are willing to spend about 28% of current pesticide expenditure for avoiding health risks. The validity of results is established in scope tests and a two-step regression model. WTP depends on farmers? experience with poisoning, income variables and pesticide exposure. The results can help in targeting of rural health policies and the design of programmes aiming to reduce negative effects of pesticides.

Suggested Citation

  • Waibel, Hermann & Garming, Hildegard, 2007. "Pesticides And Farmer Health In Nicaragua: A Willingness To Pay Approach," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Göttingen 2007 7, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec07:6530
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    1. Mullen, Jeffrey D. & Norton, George W. & Reaves, Dixie W., 1997. "Economic Analysis of Environmental Benefits of Integrated Pest Management," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, pages 243-253.
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    12. Mullen, Jeffrey D. & Norton, George W. & Reaves, Dixie W., 1997. "Economic Analysis of Environmental Benefits of Integrated Pest Management," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, pages 243-253.
    13. Charles C. Crissman & Donald C. Cole & Fernando Carpio, 1994. "Pesticide Use and Farm Worker Health in Ecuadorian Potato Production," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 76(3), pages 593-597.
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    Keywords

    Health risks of pesticides; Contingent Valuation; Nicaragua;

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