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Die Learning Economy aus Netzwerkperspektive: Mechanismen und Probleme

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  • Schwartz, Michael

Abstract

Im Mittelpunkt der gegenwärtigen ökonomischen Entwicklung steht verstärkt Wissen als fundamentale Ressource und Triebkraft wirtschaftlichen Wachstums sowie Lernen als der bedeutendste Prozess. Diese Sichtweise wird durch das theoretische Konstrukt der Learning Economy beschrieben. Die Organisationsform des Netzwerkes gilt dabei als geeignetes Arrangement, um die Teilnahme an Lernprozessen sowie den Zugangs zu einer breiten und diversifizierten Wissensbasis zu gewährleisten. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden im Rahmen der konzeptionellen Charakteristika der Learning Economy die möglichen Ausprägungen einer aktiven Netzwerktätigkeit, die erfolgsdeterminierenden Mechanismen eines Netzwerkes als auch die mit einem Netzwerkarrangement verbundenen Probleme dargelegt. Es zeigt sich einerseits, dass Netzwerke grundsätzlich einen geeigneten Mechanismus darstellen, um den Notwendigkeiten einer Learning Economy zu begegnen. Andererseits wird ersichtlich, dass die Funktionsfähigkeit von Netzwerken und das Ausschöpfen der vorhandenen Möglichkeiten keinesfalls ohne konstante Anstrengungen der Partner und ein detailliertes Verständnis der zentralen Wirkungszusammenhänge erreicht werden kann. Daher ist die zum Teil euphorisch praktizierte Netzwerkdiskussion in mancher Hinsicht differenziert zu betrachten. Besonders der Abfluss ökonomisch sensiblen Wissens, der nicht-wechselseitige Wissensaustausch sowie die Abschottung bestimmter regionaler Netzwerkstrukturen können schwerwiegende Folgen nach sich ziehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Schwartz, Michael, 2006. "Die Learning Economy aus Netzwerkperspektive: Mechanismen und Probleme," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fhjbwf:20064
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. von Pöllnitz, Holger, 2007. "Patentschutz in der Volksrepublik China aus der Sicht eines deutschen Technologieunternehmens," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    2. Herold, Jörg & Ahrens, Bernd, 2011. "Reversibilität und Irreversibilität: Mathematische Untersuchungen zum Zeitverhalten des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,5, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    3. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Krähmer, Christian, 2007. "Regionale Nachfrageeffekte der Hochschulen - methodische Probleme und Ergebnisse empirischer Untersuchungen für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,6, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    4. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Beyer, Carolin & Mattheis, Julia & Schultheiß, Saskia, 2014. "Der Einfluss der Studiengebühren auf die Zahl der Studienanfänger an deutschen Hochschulen," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2014/1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    5. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Pfeil, Silko & Kaps, Katharina & Sauer, Thomas, 2011. "Regional dispersion of cooperation activities as success factor of innovation oriented SME," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    6. Schwartz, Michael & Hornych, Christoph, 2010. "Informal networking: An overview of the literature and an agenda for future research," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2010,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    7. Giese, Stefanie & Otte, Franziska & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Berger, Christian, 2013. "Einflussfaktoren des Studienerfolges im betriebswirtschaftlichen Studium: Eine empirische Untersuchung," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2013/1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    8. Kaps, Katharina & Pfeil, Silko & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2011. "Innovationsbedingte Beschäftigungs- und Umsatzeffekte bei Unternehmen im Raum Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    9. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Osborn, Evan, 2014. "Does gender really matter? An analysis of Jena University scientists collaboration with industry and non-profit-partners," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2014/2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    10. Herold, Jörg & Polzin, Kerstin, 2011. "Zeitvarianz und Zeitinvarianz - mathematische Untersuchungen zum Zeitverhalten des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    11. Herold, Jörg & Völker, Lutz, 2010. "Zufall und Notwendigkeit: Untersuchungen zur mathematischen Modellierung des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2010,2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.

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