IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/cegedp/58.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Ausländische Direktinvestitionen in Irland: Eine theoriegestützte Analyse

Author

Listed:
  • Köller, Mareike

Abstract

In Irland konnte man in den letzten 20 Jahren einen hohen Zufluss von Direktinvestitionen beobachten. Der vorliegende Beitrag versucht, dies mit Hilfe einiger Direktinvestitionsmodelle zu erklären. Auf der Grundlage der Direktinvestitionstheorien und der daraus ermittelten standortspezifischen Determinanten wird eine differenzierte Betrachtung der Direktinvestitionszuflüsse vorgenommen. Die Standard-Modelle und die darin verwendeten Standortfaktoren horizontaler und vertikaler Direktinvestitionen können die hohen Direktinvestitionszuflüsse Irlands jedoch nicht hinreichend begründen. Die Einbeziehung der regionalen Integration durch Exportplattform-Modelle sowie die neue ökonomische Geographie ermöglichen es dagegen, dass der Großteil der Direktinvestitionen in Irland als Exportplattform- Direktinvestitionen deklariert werden kann. Die Daten über die Direktinvestitionsflüsse und die ausländischen Firmen in Irland unterstützen die Ergebnisse der Theorien. In the last 20 years Ireland attracted high FDI-inflows, which are to be explained. Based on wellknown theoretical models, some host country determinants for different modes of FDI are analysed. But the standard models for vertical and horizontal foreign direct investments can not sufficiently explain the high inflowsto Ireland, thus another explanation has to be found. The inclusion of aspects of regional integration (membership of the EU) changes both the theoretically derived host country determinants as well as the real determinants in Ireland. It is shown, that the export-platform-models and the new economic geography can explain FDI-inflows from third countries and from other EU member states to Ireland. Data on FDI-inflows and Multinational Enterprises support the indentified conclusions.

Suggested Citation

  • Köller, Mareike, 2006. "Ausländische Direktinvestitionen in Irland: Eine theoriegestützte Analyse," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 58, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:58
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/31982/1/515895075.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 2000. "The theory of endowment, intra-industry and multi-national trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 209-234, December.
    2. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, January.
    3. Ethier, Wilfred J. & Markusen, James R., 1996. "Multinational firms, technology diffusion and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1-2), pages 1-28, August.
    4. Karolina Ekholm & Rikard Forslid & James R. Markusen, 2007. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 776-795, June.
    5. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-880.
    6. Neary, J Peter, 2002. "Foreign Direct Investment and the Single Market," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 70(3), pages 291-314, June.
    7. Markusen, James R., 1984. "Multinationals, multi-plant economies, and the gains from trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 205-226, May.
    8. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
    9. Barry, Frank, 2004. "Export-platform foreign direct investment: the Irish experience," EIB Papers 6/2004, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
    10. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1998. "Multinational firms and the new trade theory," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 183-203, December.
    11. Rosanne Altshuler & Harry Grubert & T. Scott Newlon, 2000. "Has U.S. Investment Abroad Become More Sensitive to Tax Rates?," NBER Chapters,in: International Taxation and Multinational Activity, pages 9-38 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Baldwin, Richard E. & Venables, Anthony J., 1995. "Regional economic integration," Handbook of International Economics,in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1597-1644 Elsevier.
    14. John Dunning, 1981. "Explaining the international direct investment position of countries: Towards a dynamic or developmental approach," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 117(1), pages 30-64, March.
    15. Carlo Altomonte, 2004. "Regional economic integration and the location of multinational enterprises," KITeS Working Papers 152, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Jan 2004.
    16. Frank Barry & Holger Gorg & Andrew Mcdowell, 2003. "Outward FDI and the Investment Development Path of a Late-industrializing Economy: Evidence from Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 341-349.
    17. David L. Carr & James R. Markusen & Keith Maskus, 2004. "Competition for Multinational Investment in Developing Countries: Human Capital, Infrastructure, and Market Size," NBER Chapters,in: Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, pages 383-410 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Frank Barry, 2000. "Convergence is not Automatic: Lessons from Ireland for Central and Eastern Europe," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(10), pages 1379-1394, October.
    19. Robert E. Lipsey, 2002. "Home and Host Country Effects of FDI," NBER Working Papers 9293, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    20. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. José Pedro Pontes, 2001. "Location of foreign direct investment in a regional integration area," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(5), pages 1-9.
    22. Helpman, Elhanan, 1984. "A Simple Theory of International Trade with Multinational Corporations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(3), pages 451-471, June.
    23. Stephen Pavelin & Frank Barry, 2005. "The Single Market and the Geographical Diversification of Leading Firms in the EU," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 36(1), pages 1-17.
    24. Zhang, Kevin Honglin & Markusen, James R., 1999. "Vertical multinationals and host-country characteristics," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 233-252, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ausländische Direkinvestitionen; EU-Integration; Irland; Standortfaktoren;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:58. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/cdgoede.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.