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Location of foreign direct investment in a regional integration area


  • José Pedro Pontes

    () (Technical University of Lisbon)


In a regional integration area two processes take place simultaneously: the fall of trade costs and the regional convergence of per capita of the countries. The impact of these trends upon the location of the productive activity is examined through a static two person noncooperative game where each player(firm)selects one of three spatial strategies: to locate a single plant in the large country to locate a single plant in the small country and to settle a multiplant firm in the two countries. It can be inferred that to locate a plant in the small country is always a dominated strategy. The degree of symmetry in market size in the two countries appears as the major factor of the feasibility of production in the small peripheral economy.On the other hand, the fall of trade costs has a sensible impact upon the location of production only for intermediate levels of regional convergence. The "tariff jumping" argument for FDI has a limited field of application.

Suggested Citation

  • José Pedro Pontes, 2001. "Location of foreign direct investment in a regional integration area," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(5), pages 1-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-01r10002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. B. Curtis Eaton & Richard G. Lipsey, 1975. "The Principle of Minimum Differentiation Reconsidered: Some New Developments in the Theory of Spatial Competition," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(1), pages 27-49.
    2. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 335-356, February.
    3. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1998. "Multinational firms and the new trade theory," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 183-203, December.
    4. Baldwin, Richard E. & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P., 2001. "Multiproduct multinationals and reciprocal FDI dumping," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 429-448, August.
    5. Ekholm, Karolina & Forslid, Rikard, 1997. "Agglomeration in a Core-Periphery Model with Vertically and Horizontally Integrated Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 1607, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:got:cegedp:58 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Köller, Mareike, 2006. "Ausländische Direktinvestitionen in Irland: Eine theoriegestützte Analyse," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 58, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

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    JEL classification:

    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • C7 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory


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