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Outsourcing Versus Foreign Direct Investment--A Welfare Analysis

  • Arti Grover

    (Delhi School of Economics)

Foreign direct investment may not necessarily be the most welfare enhancing form of international investment. The host country may avail options like – Joint venture, technology licensing, franchising, outsourcing etc. A host country’s choice of organizational form should depend on its growth and welfare effects. This paper compares the welfare effects of FDI with that of outsourcing in the host country using Grossman-Helpman quality ladders framework. If the host absorptive capacity is above a threshold level, outsourcing is more welfare enhancing vis-à-vis FDI; while even with lower than threshold absorptive capacity, outsourcing being welfare improving over FDI is not ruled out.

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Paper provided by Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics in its series Working papers with number 140.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cde:cdewps:140
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  1. Robert C. Feenstra & Gordon H. Hanson, 1995. "Foreign Investment, Outsourcing and Relative Wages," NBER Working Papers 5121, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Slaughter, Matthew J., 2000. "Production transfer within multinational enterprises and American wages," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 449-472, April.
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  7. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 2002. "Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium?," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1965, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  8. Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Turrini, Alessandro Antonio, 2003. "Distance and FDI When Contracts are Incomplete," CEPR Discussion Papers 4041, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Blomström, Magnus & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 1998. "Technology Transfer and Spillovers: Does Local Participation with Multinationals Matter?," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 268, Stockholm School of Economics.
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  19. Jocelyn Glass, Amy & Saggi, Kamal, 2002. "Licensing versus direct investment: implications for economic growth," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 131-153, January.
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