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Outsourcing Versus Foreign Direct Investment: A Welfare Analysis

  • Arti Grover

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Foreign direct investment may not necessarily be the most welfare enhancing form of international investment. The host country may avail options like – Joint venture, technology licensing, franchising, outsourcing etc. A host country’s choice of organizational form should depend on its growth and welfare effects. This paper compares the welfare effects of FDI with that of outsourcing in the host country using Grossman-Helpman quality ladders framework. If the host absorptive capacity is above a threshold level, outsourcing is more welfare enhancing vis-à -vis FDI; while even with lower than threshold absorptive capacity, outsourcing being welfare improving over FDI is not ruled out. [Working Paper No. 140]

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:3010
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