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Multiproduct Multinationals and Reciprocal FDI Dumping

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  • Baldwin, Richard
  • Ottaviano, Gianmarco

Abstract

The global pattern of foreign direct investment (FDI) is quite similar to the world trade pattern. In particular, intra-industry FDI between rich nations is almost as pervasive as intra-industry trade among rich nations. In the ‘standard’ multinational corporation (MNC) model (of Markusen, Venables, Brainard, and others), FDI is driven by a trade-off between proximity and scale, so firms typically supply the foreign market via exports or via FDI. The close correlation of two-way trade and investment flows is therefore difficult to explain with the standard model. We propose a model of multiproduct MNCs where firms simultaneously engage in intra-industry FDI and intra-industry trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, Richard & Ottaviano, Gianmarco, 1998. "Multiproduct Multinationals and Reciprocal FDI Dumping," CEPR Discussion Papers 1851, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1851
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; International Investment; International Trade; Multinational Corporations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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