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On the Efficiency of Racetrack Betting Market: A New Test for the Favorite-Longshot Bias

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  • Jinook Jeong

    (Yonsei University)

  • Jee Young Kim

    (Yonsei University)

  • Yoon Jae Ro

    (University of California at Riverside)

Abstract

A number of empirical researches on the efficiency of racetrack betting market have shown the ¡®favorite-longshot bias,¡¯ which means longshots are overbet while favorites are underbet. Asian markets such as Hong Kong and Japan, however, have produced some contradictory empirical evidence to the bias. One critical element in the efficiency test procedure is how to assess the unobservable objective winning probability of a horse in a race. This paper proposes a new test framework with a more general evaluation of the objective probability of winning than the traditional method. Unlike the traditional method, our model allows the heterogeneity of the horses and the races. We apply the new empirical method to test whether the favorite-longshot bias is present in racetrack betting market of Korea. We found that the favorite-longshot bias exists in the racetrack market of Korea and the result distinguishes Korean racetrack market from other Asian markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Jinook Jeong & Jee Young Kim & Yoon Jae Ro, 2017. "On the Efficiency of Racetrack Betting Market: A New Test for the Favorite-Longshot Bias," Working papers 2017rwp-106, Yonsei University, Yonsei Economics Research Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:yon:wpaper:2017rwp-106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Market efficiency test; Favorite-longshot bias; Racetrack betting; Probit regression;

    JEL classification:

    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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