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Reinforcing Interactions Between The Advanced Technology Program And The States Volume 2: Case Studies Of Technology Pioneering Start-Up Companies And Their Use Of State And Federal Programs


  • Maryann P. Feldman

    (Johns Hopkins University)

  • Maryellen R. Kelley

    (National Institute of Standards & Technology)

  • Joshua Schaff

    (Johns Hopkins University)

  • Gabriel Farkas

    (Johns Hopkins University)


This report describes the evolution of four technology-pioneering companies, their use of state government programs, and the nature of the state and federal government support received by these companies. Since all four companies were awarded funds from the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) of the U.S. Department of Commerce, we pay particular attention to the relationships between the support provided by state programs and that of the ATP. These cases were selected from states providing a broad array of programs to support the formation and growth of new businesses. We find that that all four of our technology pioneers drew on the resources of public (state) universities. By investing in university research capabilities, encouraging cooperative research activities between faculty and industrial partners, and providing industry access to university laboratories and equipment, state governments have served as a major resource for this type of start-up company in achieving its R&D goals. In addition, for technology- pioneering companies having difficulty in raising funds from private sources, state programs may complement the ATP by assisting these companies in meeting ATP’s cost-sharing requirements.

Suggested Citation

  • Maryann P. Feldman & Maryellen R. Kelley & Joshua Schaff & Gabriel Farkas, 2005. "Reinforcing Interactions Between The Advanced Technology Program And The States Volume 2: Case Studies Of Technology Pioneering Start-Up Companies And Their Use Of State And Federal Programs," Urban/Regional 0508006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0508006
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 39

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Irwin Feller, 1984. "Political And Administrative Aspects Of State High Technology Programs," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 3(3‐4), pages 460-466, May.
    2. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
    3. Kelley, Maryellen R. & Arora, Ashish, 1996. "The role of institution-building in US industrial modernization programs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 265-279, March.
    4. Robert D. Atkinson, 1991. "Some States Take the Lead: Explaining the Formation of State Technology Policies," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 5(1), pages 33-44, February.
    5. Irwin Feller, 1988. "Evaluating State Advanced Technology Programs," Evaluation Review, , vol. 12(3), pages 232-252, June.
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    JEL classification:

    • R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics


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