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Where Is The Chinese Banking System Going With The Ongoing Reform?







The Chinese banking system, characterized by a large proportion of state-ownership and low capitalization, has started a reform process based on three main pillars: (i) bank restructuring, with the cleaning- up of non-performing loans and public capital injections, particularly in the four largest state-owned banks; (ii) financial liberalization, with the gradual flexibilizaton of price and quantity controls and the opening-up to foreign competition; and (iii) strengthened financial regulation and supervision, as well as better risk management, corporate governance, disclosure, and the introduction of international standards. Although it is still early to judge on the success of the reform, the available evidence does not offer a very optimistic outlook. The solvency of Chinese banks is still very weak, with a stubbornly high level of non-performing loans, and profitability is poor. Given the commitment of the Chinese authorities to fully open up its banking system to foreign competition by 2006, it seems crucial that financial reform accelerates so that the Chinese banking system can compete at the international level. This is particularly the case for the reduction of NPLs and bank recapitalization as well as for a furthered improvement of bank regulation and supervision.

Suggested Citation

  • Alicia Garcia Herrero & Daniel Santabarbara Garcia, 2004. "Where Is The Chinese Banking System Going With The Ongoing Reform?," Macroeconomics 0408001, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0408001
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 42

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    1. repec:cto:journl:v:21:y:2001:i:1:p:13-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Demirguc-Kent, Asli & Detragiache, Enrica, 1998. "Financial liberalization and financial fragility," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1917, The World Bank.
    3. Liu Junning, 2001. "The New Trinity: The Political Consequences of WTO, PNTR, and the Internet in China," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 21(1), Spring/Su.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alicia García-Herrero & Sergio Gavilá & Daniel Santabárbara, 2006. "China's Banking Reform: An Assessment of its Evolution and Possible Impact," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 52(2), pages 304-363, June.
    2. Qiubin Huang & Jakob de Haan & Bert Scholtens, 2015. "Analyzing Systemic Risk in the Chinese Banking System," CESifo Working Paper Series 5513, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Gunji, Hiroshi & Yuan, Yuan, 2010. "Bank profitability and the bank lending channel: Evidence from China," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 129-141, April.
    4. Zhuang Cai & Peter Wheale, 2009. "Managing Efficient Capital Allocation with Emphasis on the Chinese Experience," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 87(1), pages 111-135, April.

    More about this item


    Chinese financial system; financial reform; bank restructuring; financial liberalization; bank regulation and supervision;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E66 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General Outlook and Conditions
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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