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Modelling transmission mechanism of monetary policy in the Czech Republic

  • Lavan Mahadeva

    (Bank of England)

  • Katerina Smidkova

    (Czech National Bank)

In December 1997, the Czech Republic became the first transitional economy to adopt an inflation-targeting (IT) framework. This paper addresses two important topics: optimal inflation-targeting horizon and optimal speed of disinflation. A small, aggregate, forward-looking model of the Czech monetary transmission was calibrated and estimated. Stochastic simulations were used to compare consequences of different forecast horizons and different targeted disinflation paths. Our first conclusion is that the optimal targeting horizon is probably less than a year. Secondly, postponing the initial disinflation does not imply significant gains in terms of lower output volatility or a smaller external imbalance.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0402032.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 27 Feb 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0402032
Note: Type of Document - ; pages: 28. The paper has been published in Mahadeva, Sterne (ed.) Monetary policy framework in a global context, Routledge, London. See
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  8. Michael Woodford, 1994. "Nonstandard Indicators for Monetary Policy: Can Their Usefulness Be Judged from Forecasting Regressions?," NBER Chapters, in: Monetary Policy, pages 95-115 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Pesaran, M Hashem, 1997. "The Role of Economic Theory in Modelling the Long Run," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(440), pages 178-91, January.
  10. Pesaran, M. H. & Shin, Y. & Smith, R. J., 1996. "Testing for the 'Existence of a Long-run Relationship'," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9622, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  11. Christopher J. Erceg & Dale W. Henderson & Andrew T. Levin, 1998. "Tradeoffs between inflation and output-gap variances in an optimizing-agent model," International Finance Discussion Papers 627, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  12. Peter C.B. Phillips & Bruce E. Hansen, 1988. "Statistical Inference in Instrumental Variables," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 869R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Apr 1989.
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