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Inflation Targets in a Global Context

  • Gabriel Sterne

Inflation targeting has become a global framework, used by countries of many different types and in all the continents of the world. To assess its global contribution, this paper uses one of the broadest ever surveys of monetary policy frameworks to construct an overall picture from the individual jigsaw pieces of framework characteristics. The jigsaw is made of targets and other measures of policy reaction, institutional characteristics such as independence, accountability and transparency, and analytical capacities within the central bank. The paper notes that the use of inflation targets has spread very rapidly in the 1990s, far more so than has the number of "inflation targeting" frameworks. The analysis focuses on the flexible use of inflation (and money) targets, and how these relate to indicators of each of central bank reaction functions, independence, accountability, transparency, and analytical methods. The use of targets appears to have built a strong momentum towards explanation of policy, and the use of inflation targets in particular has provided a vehicle for communication between central banks and governments and the private sector.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 114.

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Date of creation: Nov 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:114
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  1. Gerlach, Stefan, 1999. "Who targets inflation explicitly?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 1257-1277, June.
  2. Cukierman Alex, 1992. "Central Bank Strategy, Credibility, And Independance: Theory And Evidence," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, De Gruyter, vol. 3(4), pages 10, December.
  3. Walsh, Carl E, 1995. "Optimal Contracts for Central Bankers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 150-67, March.
  4. Miguel A. Savastano & Paul R. Masson & Sunil Sharma, 1997. "The Scope for Inflation Targeting in Developing Countries," IMF Working Papers 97/130, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Cottarelli, C. & Giannini, C., 1997. "Credibility without Rules? Monetary Frameworks in the Post-Bretton Woods Era," Papers 312, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
  6. Frederic S. Mishkin & Adam S. Posen, 1997. "Inflation targeting: lessons from four countries," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Aug, pages 9-110.
  7. Mahadeva, Lavan & Sterne, Gabriel, 2002. "Inflation Targets as a Stabilization Device," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 70(4), pages 619-50, Special I.
  8. Lavan Mahadeva & Katerina Smidkova, 2004. "Modelling transmission mechanism of monetary policy in the Czech Republic," Macroeconomics 0402032, EconWPA.
  9. Georgios Chortareas & David Stasavage & Gabriel Sterne, 2002. "Does it pay to be transparent? international evidence form central bank forecasts," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jul, pages 99-118.
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