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Range-Based Estimation of Stochastic Volatility Models or Exchange Rate Dynamics are More Interesting Than You Think

  • Sassan Alizadeh
  • Michael W. Brandt
  • Francis X. Diebold

We propose using the price range, a recently-neglected volatility proxy with a long history in finance, in the estimation of stochastic volatility models. We show both theoretically and empirically that the log range is approximately Gaussian, in sharp contrast to popular volatility proxies, such as log absolute or squared returns. Hence Gaussian quasi-maximum likelihood estimation based on the range is not only simple, but also highly efficient. We illustrate and enrich our theoretical results with a Monte Carlo study and a substantive empirical application to daily exchange rate volatility. Our empirical work produces sharp conclusions. In particular, the evidence points strongly to the inadequacy of one-factor volatility models, favoring instead two-factor models with one highly persistent factor and one quickly mean reverting factor.

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File URL: http://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/fic/papers/00/0028.pdf
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Paper provided by Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania in its series Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers with number 00-28.

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Date of creation: Dec 1999
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Handle: RePEc:wop:pennin:00-28
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  16. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Francis X. Diebold & Paul Labys, 1999. "The Distribution of Exchange Rate Volatility," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 99-08, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  17. Jacquier, Eric & Polson, Nicholas G & Rossi, Peter E, 2002. "Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Volatility Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 69-87, January.
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  25. Parkinson, Michael, 1980. "The Extreme Value Method for Estimating the Variance of the Rate of Return," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 61-65, January.
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  28. Danielsson, Jon, 1994. "Stochastic volatility in asset prices estimation with simulated maximum likelihood," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1-2), pages 375-400.
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