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The Effects of MTO on Educational Opportunities in Baltimore: Early Evidence

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  • Jens Otto Ludwig
  • Helen F. Ladd

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the effects of the MTO demonstration in Baltimore on the educational opportunities of participating children. Our analysis of the distribution of affordable housing in the Baltimore area suggests that children in experimental group families who relocate will attend better schools, though this is less clearly the case for comparison group families, most of whom are expected to stay within Baltimore City. We find that, relative to the control group, children in comparison and experimental group families attend schools with higher average pass rates on standardized achievement tests, though these differences seem to be due primarily to higher resources and more advantaged student populations rather than differences in the effectiveness of schools.

Suggested Citation

  • Jens Otto Ludwig & Helen F. Ladd, 1998. "The Effects of MTO on Educational Opportunities in Baltimore: Early Evidence," JCPR Working Papers 25, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:jopovw:25
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Richard A. Easterlin, 1992. "Analysis," Challenge, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 51-53, July.
    2. Ladd, Helen F & Ludwig, Jens, 1997. "Federal Housing Assistance, Residential Relocation, and Educational Opportunities: Evidence from Baltimore," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 272-277, May.
    3. Cecilia Elena Rouse, 1997. "Private School Vouchers and Student Achievement: An Evaluation of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program," NBER Working Papers 5964, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Murnane, Richard J & Willett, John B & Levy, Frank, 1995. "The Growing Importance of Cognitive Skills in Wage Determination," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(2), pages 251-266, May.
    5. Hausman, Jerry A & Wise, David A, 1979. "Attrition Bias in Experimental and Panel Data: The Gary Income Maintenance Experiment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(2), pages 455-473, March.
    6. Evans, William N & Oates, Wallace E & Schwab, Robert M, 1992. "Measuring Peer Group Effects: A Study of Teenage Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 966-991, October.
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