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Transportation networks and the location of human activities

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  • Dominique Peeters

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  • Jacques Thisse

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  • Isabelle Thomas

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Abstract

The impact of transportation networks on the location of human activities is a surprisingly neglected topic in economic geography. Using the simple plant location problem, this paper investigates such an impact in the case of a few idealized networks. It is seen that a grid network tends to foster a dispersed pattern of activities, while the center of a radial network acts as an attractor. The case of two economies characterized by different network configurations that form a custom union is then analyzed. It is shown that the structural properties of the networks still hold, though some locations are pulled toward the common border. This suggests that no much relocation should be expected within the European Union if the state members endorse similar fiscal and social policies after the formation of the single market.

Suggested Citation

  • Dominique Peeters & Jacques Thisse & Isabelle Thomas, 1998. "Transportation networks and the location of human activities," ERSA conference papers ersa98p268, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa98p268
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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa98/papers/268.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Demange, Gabrielle & Henriet, Dominique, 1991. "Sustainable oligopolies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 417-428, August.
    2. Krugman, Paul & Elizondo, Raul Livas, 1996. "Trade policy and the Third World metropolis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 137-150, April.
    3. Donald Erlenkotter, 1977. "Facility Location with Price-Sensitive Demands: Private, Public, and Quasi-Public," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 24(4), pages 378-386, December.
    4. Fujita,Masahisa & Thisse,Jacques-François, 2013. "Economics of Agglomeration," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107001411.
    5. G Ottaviano & Diego Puga, 1997. "Agglomeration in a global Economy: A Survey," CEP Discussion Papers dp0356, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. labbe, M. & Peeters, D. & Thisse, J.F., 1992. "Location on Networks," Papers 9216, Universite Libre de Bruxelles - C.E.M.E..
      • LABBE, Martine & PEETERS, Dominique & THISSE, Jacques-François, 1993. "Location on Networks," CORE Discussion Papers 1993040, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    7. Gordon F. Mulligan, 1984. "Agglomeration and Central Place Theory: A Review of the Literature," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 9(1), pages 1-42, September.
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    9. repec:cor:louvrp:-1189 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Aoyagi, Masaki & Okabe, Atsuyuki, 1993. "Spatial competition of firms in a two-dimensional bounded market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 259-289, April.
    11. Blum, Ulrich & Gercek, Haluk & Viegas, José, 1992. "High-speed railway and the European peripheries: Opportunities and challenges," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 211-221, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 2004. "Agglomeration and economic geography," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 58, pages 2563-2608 Elsevier.
    2. Dominique Peeters & Isabelle Thomas, 2005. "Does the Shape of a Territory Influence the Locations of Human Activities? a Numerical Geography Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa05p56, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Miren Lafourcade & Jacques-François Thisse, 2008. "New economic geography: A guide to transport analysis," Working Papers halshs-00586878, HAL.
    4. Alain Trannoy, 2011. "Equity Dimensions of Transport Policy," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 26 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Fujita, Masahisa & Thisse, Jacques-François, 2008. "New Economic Geography: an appraisal on the occasion of Paul Krugman's 2008 Nobel Prize in Economics," CEPR Discussion Papers 7063, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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