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Regional Unemployment and Job Switches in Germany – An Analysis at District Level

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  • Antje Mertens

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  • Anette Haas

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Abstract

The role of mobility is central to the debate on reducing unemployment. A further question is to what extent a lack of mobility enforces regional disparities. Using a micro data set containing information about two cohorts we analyse the impact of regional unemployment at district level to regional employment duration. As an alternative to the frequently used Logit analysis approach we focus to duration time analyses. We use Cox Regression (Breslow Method for ties) and Piece wise constant models to find out the impact of regional unemployment rate for duration working in a special region. Additionally we could differentiate between voluntary and involuntary mobility. The results of this comparison show a contrary influence of the regional unemployment rate. Our results confirm the lower mobility of woman and that the younger cohort exhibits higher mobility rates. We also compare downward/upward moves (defined as wage losses/gains after mobility) and could not find evidence for influence of regional unemployment rate to wage growth. This yields us to the conclusion that high levels of regional unemployment inhibit mobility because of a lack of vacancies.

Suggested Citation

  • Antje Mertens & Anette Haas, 2005. "Regional Unemployment and Job Switches in Germany – An Analysis at District Level," ERSA conference papers ersa05p592, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p592
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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa05/papers/592.pdf
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    8. Pissarides, Christopher A & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 1989. "Unemployment and the Inter-regional Mobility of Labour," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 739-755, September.
    9. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2002. "Mobility within Europe – What do we (still not) know?," IZA Discussion Papers 447, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Pissarides, Christopher A & McMaster, Ian, 1990. "Regional Migration, Wages and Unemployment: Empirical Evidence and Implications for Policy," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(4), pages 812-831, October.
    11. Puhani, Patrick A., 1999. "Labour Mobility - An Adjustment Mechanism in Euroland?," IZA Discussion Papers 34, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Topel, Robert H, 1986. "Local Labor Markets," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 111-143, June.
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